rook

1
[roo k]
See more synonyms for rook on Thesaurus.com
verb (used with object)
  1. to cheat; fleece; swindle.

Origin of rook

1
before 900; Middle English rok(e), Old English hrōc; cognate with Old Norse hrōkr, Old High German hruoh

rook

2
[roo k]
noun Chess.
  1. one of two pieces of the same color that may be moved any number of unobstructed squares horizontally or vertically; castle.

Origin of rook

2
1300–50; Middle English rok < Old French roc < Arabic rukhkh < Persian rukh
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


Examples from the Web for rook

Historical Examples of rook


British Dictionary definitions for rook

rook

1
noun
  1. a large Eurasian passerine bird, Corvus frugilegus, with a black plumage and a whitish base to its bill: family Corvidae (crows)
  2. slang a swindler or cheat, esp one who cheats at cards
verb
  1. (tr) slang to overcharge, swindle, or cheat

Word Origin for rook

Old English hrōc; related to Old High German hruoh, Old Norse hrōkr

rook

2
noun
  1. a chesspiece that may move any number of unoccupied squares in a straight line, horizontally or verticallyAlso called: castle

Word Origin for rook

C14: from Old French rok, ultimately from Arabic rukhkh
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for rook
n.1

"European crow," Old English hroc, from Proto-Germanic *khrokaz (cf. Old Norse hrokr, Middle Dutch roec, Dutch roek, Middle Swedish roka, Old High German hruoh "crow"), possibly imitative of its raucous voice (cf. Gaelic roc "croak," Sanskrit kruc "to cry out"). Used as a disparaging term for persons since at least c.1500, and extended by 1570s to mean "a cheat," especially at cards or dice.

n.2

chess piece, c.1300, from Old French roc, from Arabic rukhkh, from Persian rukh, of unknown meaning, perhaps somehow related to the Indian name for the piece, rut, from Hindi rath "chariot." Confused in Middle English with roc.

v.

"to defraud by cheating" (originally especially in a game), 1590s, from rook (n.1) in some sense (e.g. "a gull, simpleton," but this is not attested until 17c.). Related: Rooked; rooking.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper