adjective, rough·er, rough·est.
verb (used with object), roughed, rough·ing.
verb (used without object), roughed, rough·ing.
- rouge croix,
- rouge dragon,
- rouge et noir,
- rouget cell,
- rouget de lisle,
- rough and ready,
- rough and tumble,
- rough bluegrass,
- rough breathing,
- rough collie
Origin of rough
Examples from the Web for roughly
These (roughly) $2,500 ceremonies are supposedly about encouraging “positive feelings” on the part of the single brides.Why Singles Should Say ‘I Don’t’ to The Self-Marriage Movement|Tim Teeman|December 30, 2014|DAILY BEAST
It is a multimillion-dollar business in which roughly 15 million fowl die a year.The History of the Chicken: How This Humble Bird Saved Humanity|William O’Connor|December 27, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Since 1987, there have been roughly 1,300 cases filed under the blasphemy laws, according to varied reports.Disco Mullah Blasphemy Row Highlights Pakistan’s Hypocrisy|Shaheen Pasha|December 21, 2014|DAILY BEAST
They found that there are roughly 1,900 hydrogen atoms for each deuterium atom in the water on Comet 67P.
Roughly one out of every 33 women who enter the federal prison system is pregnant.
Roughly speaking, one-quarter of the population of Pittsburgh is foreign-born.
When too roughly frolicsome, he rebuked them gently, so as not to mortify them, or spoil the natural buoyancy of their character.
Don't you know that I would sooner perish beneath the waves than that a drop of water should touch you roughly?Can You Forgive Her?|Anthony Trollope
The elastic displacement corresponds to electrostatic charge,—roughly speaking, to electricity.The Ether of Space|Oliver Lodge
All his life long has Dudda the Collier bided with me, serving well and roughly, but in all most faithfully, as is his wont.A Thane of Wessex|Charles W. Whistler
- severe towards
- unfortunate for (a person)
Word Origin for rough
Old English ruh "rough, coarse (of cloth); hairy, shaggy; untrimmed, uncultivated," from West Germanic *rukhwaz "shaggy, hairy, rough" (cf. Middle Dutch ruuch, Dutch ruig, Old High German ruher, German rauh), from Proto-Germanic *rukhaz, from PIE *reue- "to smash, knock down, tear out, dig up" (cf. Sanskrit ruksah "rough;" Latin ruga "wrinkle," ruere "to rush, fall violently, collapse," ruina "a collapse;" Lithuanian raukas "wrinkle," rukti "to shrink").
The original -gh- sound was guttural, as in Scottish loch. Sense of "approximate" is first recorded c.1600. Of places, "riotous, disorderly, characterized by violent action," 1863. Rough draft is from 1690s. Rough-and-ready is from 1810, originally military; rough-and-tumble (1810) is from a style of free-fighting.
late 15c., from rough (adj.). Related: Roughed; roughing. Phrase rough it "submit to hardships" (1768) is originally nautical:
To lie rough; to lie all night in one's clothes: called also roughing it. Likewise to sleep on the bare deck of a ship, when the person is commonly advised to chuse the softest plank. [Grose, "Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue," 1788]
To rough out "shape or plan approximately" is from 1770. To rough up "make rough" is from 1763. To rough (someone) up "beat up, jostle violently" is from 1868. The U.S. football penalty roughing was originally a term from boxing (1866).
c.1200, "broken ground," from rough (adj.). Meaning "a rowdy" is first attested 1837. Specific sense in golf is from 1901. Phrase in the rough "in an unfinished or unprocessed condition" (of timber, etc.) is from 1819.
In addition to the idioms beginning with rough
- rough and ready
- rough and tumble
- rough it
- rough on, be
- rough out
- rough up
- diamond in the rough
- ride roughshod over
- take the rough with the smooth
- when the going gets rough