[ round ]
/ raʊnd /
adjective, round·er, round·est.
having a flat, circular surface, as a disk.
ring-shaped, as a hoop.
curved like part of a circle, as an outline.
having a circular cross section, as a cylinder; cylindrical.
spherical or globular, as a ball.
shaped more or less like a part of a sphere; hemispherical.
free from angularity; consisting of full, curved lines or shapes, as handwriting or parts of the body.
executed with or involving circular motion.
full, complete, or entire: a round dozen.
noting, formed, or expressed by an integer or whole number with no fraction.
expressed, given, or exact to the nearest multiple or power of ten; in tens, hundreds, thousands, or the like: in round numbers.
roughly correct; approximate: a round guess.
considerable in amount; ample: a round sum of money.
brought to completeness or perfection.
full and sonorous, as sound.
vigorous or brisk: a round trot.
straightforward, plain, or candid; outspoken: a round scolding.
positive or unqualified: a round assertion.
any round shape, as a circle, ring or sphere.
a circular, ring-shaped, curved, or spherical object; a rounded form.
something circular in cross section, as a rung of a ladder or chair.
Sometimes rounds. a completed course of time, series of events or operations, etc., ending at a point corresponding to that at the beginning: We waited through the round of many years.
any complete course, series, or succession: The strike was settled after a long round of talks; a round of parties.
Often rounds. a going around from place to place, as in a habitual or definite circuit: a doctor's rounds.
a completed course or spell of activity, commonly one of a series, in some play or sport: the second round of a tournament.
a recurring period of time, succession of events, duties, etc.: the daily round.
an entire range: the round of human capabilities.
a single outburst, as of applause or cheers.
a single discharge of shot by each of a number of guns, rifles, etc.
a single discharge by one firearm.
a charge of ammunition for a single shot.
a single serving, especially of drink, made more or less simultaneously to everyone present, as at table or at a bar: The next round is on me.
movement in a circle or around an axis.
- Also round of beef. the portion of the thigh of beef below the rump and above the leg.
- Informal. round steak.
a slice, as of bread.
Archery. a specified number of arrows shot from a specified distance from the target in accordance with the rules.
one of a series of three-minute periods making up a boxing match: a 15-round bout.
- a short, rhythmical canon at the unison, in which the several voices enter at equally spaced intervals of time.
- rounds, the order followed in ringing a peal of bells in diatonic sequence from the highest to the lowest.
Golf. a playing of the complete course.
Cards. a division of play in a game, consisting of a turn each for every player to bid, bet, play a card, deal the cards, or be dealt cards.
throughout or from the beginning to the end of a recurring period of time: all year round.
Also 'round. around: The music goes round and round.
throughout (a period of time): a resort visited all round the year.
around: It happened round noon.
verb (used with object)
to make round.
to free from angularity; fill out symmetrically; make plump.
to bring to completeness or perfection; finish.
Jewelry. to form (a gem) roughly (sometimes followed by up); girdle.
to end (a sentence, paragraph, etc.) with something specified: He rounded his speech with a particularly apt quotation.
to encircle or surround.
to make a complete circuit of; pass completely around.
to make a turn or partial circuit around or to the other side of: to round a corner.
to cause to move in a circle; turn around.
Mathematics. to replace by the nearest multiple of 10, with 5 being increased to the next highest multiple: 15,837 can be rounded to 15,840; then to 15,800; then to 16,000.
verb (used without object)
to become round.
to become free from angularity; become plump.
to develop to completeness or perfection.
to take a circular course; make a circuit, as a guard.
to make a turn or partial circuit around something.
to turn around as on an axis: to round on one's heels.
to reduce successively the number of digits to the right of the decimal point of a mixed number by dropping the final digit and adding 1 to the next preceding digit if the dropped digit was 5 or greater, or leaving the preceding digit unchanged if the dropped digit was 4 or less.
- to complete or perfect; finish.
- to express as a round number, usually to the nearest multiple of 10.
- to complete or perfect: The new coin rounded out his collection.
- to fill out; become rounder: She rounded out so nicely that everyone soon forgot she had been so ill.
round to, Nautical. to turn a sailing vessel in the direction from which the wind is blowing.
- to drive or bring (cattle, sheep, etc.) together.
- to assemble; gather: to round up all the suspects in an investigation.
- (of a theater) having a stage completely surrounded by seats for the audience.
- in the style of theater-in-the-round: The play should be done in the round.
- in complete detail; from all aspects: a character as seen in the round.
- (of sculpture) not attached to a supporting background; freestanding.
- to go from one place to another, as in making deliveries, paying social visits, or seeking employment.
- Also go the rounds. to be reported or told; circulate: another rumor making the rounds.
in the round,
make the rounds,
Origin of round1
1250–1300; (adj.) Middle English rond, round < Old French, stem of ront, earlier reont < Latin rotundus round, circular (see rotund); (noun) Middle English, partly derivative of the adj., partly < Old French rond, ronde (derivative of ront); (v.) Middle English, derivative of the adj.; (adv. and preposition) Middle English, apparently aphetic variant of around
SYNONYMS FOR round
Related formsround·ness, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for round out (1 of 2)
verb (tr, adverb)
to make or become bigger or plumper; fill out, esp so as to be symmetrical
to round up (a number)
British Dictionary definitions for round out (2 of 2)
/ (raʊnd) /
having a flat circular shape, as a disc or hoop
having the shape of a sphere or ball
curved; not angular
involving or using circular motion
(prenominal) complete; entirea round dozen
- forming or expressed by an integer or whole number, with no fraction
- expressed to the nearest ten, hundred, or thousandin round figures
(of a sum of money) considerable; ample
fully depicted or developed, as a character in a book
full and plumpround cheeks
(of sound) full and sonorous
(of pace) brisk; lively
(prenominal) (of speech) candid; straightforward; unmodifieda round assertion
(of a vowel) pronounced with rounded lips
a round shape or object
in the round
- in full detail
- theatre with the audience all round the stage
a session, as of a negotiationa round of talks
a series, cycle, or sequencea giddy round of parties
the daily round the usual activities of one's day
a stage of a competitionhe was eliminated in the first round
(often plural) a series of calls, esp in a set ordera doctor's rounds; a milkman's round
a playing of all the holes on a golf course
a single turn of play by each player, as in a card game
one of a number of periods constituting a boxing, wrestling, or other match, each usually lasting three minutes
archery a specified number of arrows shot from a specified distance
a single discharge by a number of guns or a single gun
a bullet, blank cartridge, or other charge of ammunition
a number of drinks bought at one time for a group of people
a single slice of bread or toast or two slices making a single serving of sandwiches
a general outburst of applause, cheering, etc
movement in a circle or around an axis
music a part song in which the voices follow each other at equal intervals at the same pitch
a sequence of bells rung in order of treble to tenorCompare change (def. 29)
a dance in which the dancers move in a circle
a cut of beef from the thigh between the rump and the shank
go the rounds or make the rounds
- to go from place to place, as in making deliveries or social calls
- (of information, rumour, etc) to be passed around, so as to be generally known
surrounding, encircling, or enclosinga band round her head
on all or most sides ofto look round one
on or outside the circumference or perimeter ofthe stands round the racecourse
situated at various points ina lot of shelves round the house
from place to place indriving round Ireland
somewhere in or nearto stay round the house
making a circuit or partial circuit aboutthe ring road round the town
reached by making a partial circuit about somethingthe shop round the corner
revolving round a centre or axisthe earth's motion round its axis
so as to have a basis inthe story is built round a good plot
on all or most sidesthe garden is fenced all round; the crowd gathered round
on or outside the circumference or perimeterthe racing track is two miles round
in all directions from a point of referencehe owns the land for ten miles round
to all members of a grouppass the food round
in rotation or revolutionthe wheels turn round
by a circuitous routethe road to the farm goes round by the pond
to a specific placeshe came round to see me
all year round throughout the year; in every month
to make or become round
(tr) to encircle; surround
to move or cause to move with circular motionto round a bend
- to pronounce (a speech sound) with rounded lips
- to purse (the lips)
Derived Formsroundness, noun
Word Origin for round
C13: from Old French ront, from Latin rotundus round, from rota a wheel
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Culture definitions for round out
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Idioms and Phrases with round out (1 of 2)
See round off, def. 2.
Grow or develop to a round form, as in The tree was spindly when first planted, but it has since rounded out nicely. [c. 1900]
Idioms and Phrases with round out (2 of 2)
In addition to the idioms beginning with round
- round and round
- round figures
- round off
- round on
- round out
- round peg in a square hole
- round robin
- round the bend
- round trip
- round up
- all year round
- bring around (round)
- come around (round)
- get around (round)
- in round numbers
- in the round
- make the rounds
- other way round
- pull round
- rally around
Also see underaround.
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.