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  1. the hind part of the body of an animal, as the hindquarters of a quadruped or sacral region of a bird.
  2. a cut of beef from this part of the animal, behind the loin and above the round.
  3. the buttocks.
  4. the last part, especially that which is unimportant or inferior: a rump of territory.
  5. the remnant of a legislature, council, etc., after a majority of the members have resigned or been expelled.
  6. the Rump, English History. Rump Parliament.
  1. constituting a subsidiary or small group or the remnant of a once larger organization: Our local Shakespeare Club will hold a rump meeting at the Elizabethan Drama Teachers' convention.

Origin of rump

1375–1425; late Middle English rumpe < Scandinavian; compare Danish, Norwegian, Swedish rumpe rump, tail; cognate with German Rumpf body, trunk
Related formsrump·less, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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Historical Examples of rump

British Dictionary definitions for rump


  1. the hindquarters of a mammal, not including the legs
  2. the rear part of a bird's back, nearest to the tail
  3. a person's buttocks
  4. Also called: rump steak a cut of beef from behind the loin and above the round
  5. an inferior remnant
Derived Formsrumpless, adjective

Word Origin for rump

C15: from Scandinavian; compare Danish rumpe, Icelandic rumpr, German Rumpf trunk of the body
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for rump

"hind-quarters, buttocks of an animal," mid-15c., from a Scandinavian source (cf. Danish, Norwegian rumpe, Swedish rumpa), from or corresponding to Middle Dutch romp, German Rumpf "trunk, torso." Sense of "small remnant" derives from "tail" and is first recorded 1640s in reference to the English Rump Parliament (December 1648-April 1653). As an adjective from c.1600.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper