run-down

[ ruhn-doun ]
/ ˈrʌnˈdaʊn /

adjective

fatigued; weary; exhausted.
in a state of poor health: He was in a run-down condition from months of overwork.
in neglected condition; fallen into disrepair: a run-down house.
(of a spring-operated device) not running because it is unwound.

Origin of run-down

First recorded in 1675–85; adj. use of verb phrase run down
SYNONYMS FOR run-down
3 seedy, tacky, shabby, deteriorated.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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Word Origin and History for run-down

run-down


adj.

1866, of persons, with reference to health, from verbal phrase, from run (v.) + down (adv.). From 1896 of places; 1894 of clocks. Earliest sense is "oppressed" (1680s).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper