• synonyms


[suh-bat-i-kuh l]
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  1. of or pertaining or appropriate to the Sabbath.
  2. (lowercase) of or relating to a sabbatical year.
  3. (lowercase) bringing a period of rest.
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  1. (lowercase) sabbatical year.
  2. (lowercase) any extended period of leave from one's customary work, especially for rest, to acquire new skills or training, etc.
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Sometimes Sab·bat·ic.

Origin of Sabbatical

1605–15; < Greek sabbatikós (sábbat(on) Sabbath + -ikos -ic) + -al1
Related formsSab·bat·i·cal·ly, adverbSab·bat·i·cal·ness, nounnon-Sab·bat·ic, adjective, nounnon-Sab·bat·i·cal, adjective, nounnon-Sab·bat·i·cal·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for sabbatical

recess, furlough, break, holiday, vacation, liberty

Examples from the Web for sabbatical

Contemporary Examples of sabbatical

Historical Examples of sabbatical

British Dictionary definitions for sabbatical


  1. denoting a period of leave granted to university staff, teachers, etc, esp approximately every seventh yeara sabbatical year; sabbatical leave
  2. denoting a post that renders the holder eligible for such leave
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  1. any sabbatical period
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Word Origin for sabbatical

C16: from Greek sabbatikos; see Sabbath


adjective Also: Sabbatic
  1. of, relating to, or appropriate to the Sabbath as a day of rest and religious observance
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  1. short for sabbatical year
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sabbatical


1640s, "of or suitable for the Sabbath," from Latin sabbaticus, from Greek sabbatikos "of the Sabbath" (see Sabbath). Noun meaning "a year's absence granted to researchers" (originally one year in seven, to university professors) is from 1934, short for sabbatical year, etc., first recorded 1886 (the thing itself is attested from 1880, at Harvard), related to sabbatical year (1590s) in Mosaic law, the seventh year, in which land was to remain untilled and debtors and slaves released.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper