An Egyptian political leader of the twentieth century. He succeeded Gamal Abdel Nasser as president of Egypt (see also Egypt) on Nasser's death in 1970. In a bold effort to bring peace to the Middle East, he visited Israel in 1977 and signed a peace agreement with that country in 1979. He was assassinated in Egypt in 1981. (See Arab-Israeli conflict.)
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.