Samaritan

[suh-mar-i-tn]
noun
  1. an inhabitant of Samaria.
  2. good Samaritan.
  3. (often lowercase) one who is compassionate and helpful to a person in distress.
  4. any of the dialects of Aramaic spoken by the Samaritans in ancient Israel and until recently still spoken in Nablus.
adjective
  1. pertaining to Samaria or to Samaritans.

Origin of Samaritan

before 1000; Middle English, Old English < Late Latin samarītānus < Greek samarī́t(ēs) dweller in Samaria + -ānus -an
Related formsSa·mar·i·tan·ism, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for samaritanism

Samaritan

noun
  1. a native or inhabitant of Samaria
  2. short for Good Samaritan
  3. a member of a voluntary organization (the Samaritans) which offers counselling to people in despair, esp by telephone
  4. the dialect of Aramaic spoken in Samaria
adjective
  1. of or relating to Samaria
Derived FormsSamaritanism, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for samaritanism

Samaritan

n.

Old English, "inhabitant of Samaria," a district of Palestine, from Late Latin Samaritanus, from Greek Samareia (see Samaria). A non-Hebrew race was settled in its cities by the king of Assyria after the removal of the Israelites from the country. They later adopted some Jewish ways, but largely remained apart. Figurative use with reference to the good Samaritan is first recorded 1630s, from Luke x:33. Related: Samaritanism.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with samaritanism

Samaritan

see good Samaritan.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.