- a member of a Uralic people dwelling in W Siberia and the far NE parts of European Russia.
- Also Samoyedic. a subfamily of Uralic languages spoken by the Samoyed people.
- (sometimes lowercase) one of a Russian breed of medium-sized dogs that have long, dense, white or cream hair and are used by the Samoyed people for herding reindeer and pulling sleds.
Origin of Samoyed
Examples from the Web for samoyed
Now, this seems at once to connect the Aino with the Samoyed and the Lapp.The Testimony of Tradition
The Samoyed shamans are, as a rule, the most intelligent and cunning of the whole race.The Origin of Man and of his Superstitions
Now the bow appears to have almost completely gone out of use, for we saw not a single Samoyed archer.
Mr. Serebrenikoff writes Samodin instead of Samoyed, considering the latter name incorrect.
These plains are early free of snow, and are covered with a rich turf, which yields good pasture to the Samoyed reindeer herds.
- plural -yed or -yeds a member of a group of peoples who migrated along the Russian Arctic coast and now live chiefly in the area of the N Urals: related to the Finns
- the languages of these peoples, related to Finno-Ugric within the Uralic family
- (səˈmɔɪɛd) a Siberian breed of dog of the spitz type, having a dense white or cream coat with a distinct ruff, and a tightly curled tail
Word Origin and History for samoyed
Siberian Mongolian people, 1580s, from Russian samoyed (11c.), traditionally literally "self-eaters," i.e. "cannibals" (the first element cognate with same, the second with eat), but this might be Russian folk etymology of a native name:
The common Russian etymology of the name Samoyed, meaning "self-eater," deepened the Russians' already exotic image of far-northerners. The most probable linguistic origin of Samoyed, however, is from the Saami -- saam-edne, "land of the people" [Andrei V. Golovnev and Gail Osherenko, "Siberian Survival: The Nenets and Their Story," Cornell University, 1999]
Which would make the name a variant of Suomi "Finn." The native name is Nenets. As the name of a type of dog (once used as a working dog in the Arctic) it is attested from 1889.