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saponify

[ suh-pon-uh-fahy ]
/ s蓹藞p蓲n 蓹藢fa瑟 /
Chemistry
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verb (used with object), sa路pon路i路fied, sa路pon路i路fy路ing.
to convert (a fat) into soap by treating with an alkali.
to decompose (any ester), forming the corresponding alcohol and acid or salt.
verb (used without object), sa路pon路i路fied, sa路pon路i路fy路ing.
to become converted into soap.
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Origin of saponify

1815鈥25; <Latin s膩p艒n- (stem of s膩p艒) soap + -ify

OTHER WORDS FROM saponify

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 漏 Random House, Inc. 2021

How to use saponify in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for saponify

saponify
/ (s蓹藞p蓲n瑟藢fa瑟) /

verb -fies, -fying or -fied chem
to undergo or cause to undergo a process in which a fat is converted into a soap by treatment with alkali
to undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which an ester is hydrolysed to an acid and an alcohol as a result of treatment with an alkali

Derived forms of saponify

saponifiable, adjectivesaponifier, nounsaponification, noun

Word Origin for saponify

C19: from French saponifier, from Latin s膩p艒 soap
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition 漏 William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 漏 HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for saponify

saponify
[ s蓹-p艔n蓹-f墨鈥 ]

v.
To undergo saponification.
The American Heritage庐 Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright 漏 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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