- to convert (a fat) into soap by treating with an alkali.
- to decompose (any ester), forming the corresponding alcohol and acid or salt.
- to become converted into soap.
Origin of saponify
Examples from the Web for saponify
Historical Examples of saponify
Next to olive oil, this species is the most easy to saponify.
But to simplify the operation, he preferred to saponify the fat by means of lime.The Mysterious Island
This oil closely resembles cocoa-nut and palm-nut oils and is stated to saponify readily and yield a soap free from odour.The Handbook of Soap Manufacture
W. H. Simmons
Caustic soda is then added to saponify the fat not converted by the lime saponification.
First saponify 100 parts house grease and 100 parts ordinary grease and make a run soap.
- to undergo or cause to undergo a process in which a fat is converted into a soap by treatment with alkali
- to undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which an ester is hydrolysed to an acid and an alcohol as a result of treatment with an alkali
Word Origin for saponify
1821, from French saponifier (see saponification). Related: Saponified; saponifying.
- To undergo saponification.