[ sey-trap, sa- ]
/ ˈseɪ træp, ˈsæ- /


a governor of a province under the ancient Persian monarchy.
a subordinate ruler, often a despotic one.

Nearby words

  1. satisfying,
  2. sato,
  3. sato eisaku,
  4. sato, eisaku,
  5. satori,
  6. satrapy,
  7. sats,
  8. satsuma,
  9. satsuma ware,
  10. sattva

Origin of satrap

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin satrapa < Greek satrápēs < Old Persian khshathra-pāvan- country-protector Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for satrap

British Dictionary definitions for satrap


/ (ˈsætrəp) /


(in ancient Persia) a provincial governor
a subordinate ruler, esp a despotic one

Word Origin for satrap

C14: from Latin satrapa, from Greek satrapēs, from Old Persian khshathrapāvan, literally: protector of the land

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for satrap



late 14c., "governor of a province of ancient Persia," from Latin satrapes, from Greek satrapes, from Old Persian xšathrapavan-, literally "guardian of the realm," from xšathra- "realm, province" (related to xšayathiya "king," cognate with Sanskrit kshatra; cf. shah) + pavan- "guardian," from PIE *pa- "to protect, feed" (see food). Related: Satrapy.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper