[ sey-trap, sa- ]
/ ˈseɪ træp, ˈsæ- /


a governor of a province under the ancient Persian monarchy.
a subordinate ruler, often a despotic one.

Origin of satrap

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin satrapa < Greek satrápēs < Old Persian khshathra-pāvan- country-protector Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for satrap

British Dictionary definitions for satrap


/ (ˈsætrəp) /


(in ancient Persia) a provincial governor
a subordinate ruler, esp a despotic one

Word Origin for satrap

C14: from Latin satrapa, from Greek satrapēs, from Old Persian khshathrapāvan, literally: protector of the land
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for satrap



late 14c., "governor of a province of ancient Persia," from Latin satrapes, from Greek satrapes, from Old Persian xšathrapavan-, literally "guardian of the realm," from xšathra- "realm, province" (related to xšayathiya "king," cognate with Sanskrit kshatra; cf. shah) + pavan- "guardian," from PIE *pa- "to protect, feed" (see food). Related: Satrapy.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper