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scallion

[skal-yuh n]
noun
  1. any onion that does not form a large bulb; green onion.
  2. a shallot.
  3. a leek.
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Origin of scallion

1300–50; late Middle English scalyon(e) < Old French *escaloigne < Vulgar Latin *escalonia, variant of Latin Ascalōnia (caepa) onion of Ascalon, a seaport of Palestine; replacing Middle English scalone, scaloun < Anglo-French scaloun < Vulgar Latin, as above
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for scallion

scallion

noun
  1. any of various onions or similar plants, such as the spring onion, that have a small bulb and long leaves and are eaten in saladsAlso called: green onion
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Word Origin

C14: from Anglo-French scalun, from Latin Ascalōnia (caepa) Ascalonian (onion), from Ascalo Ascalon, a Palestinian port
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for scallion

n.

late 14c., scalun "kind of onion," also "thing of little value," from Anglo-French escalone, Old North French escalogne, or Old French eschaloigne, all from Vulgar Latin *escalonia, from Latin (cæpa) Ascalonia "(onion) from Ascalon," seaport in southwestern Levant (modern Ashkelon in Israel). Cognate with shallot.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper