[ skahrp ]
See synonyms for scarp on
  1. a line of cliffs formed by the faulting or fracturing of the earth's crust; an escarpment.

  2. Fortification. an escarp.

verb (used with object)
  1. to form or cut into a steep slope.

Origin of scarp

First recorded in 1580–90, scarp is from the Italian word scarpa a slope. See escarp

Words Nearby scarp Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use scarp in a sentence

  • Reid seized that interval, and crying “Come on,” leaped over the scarp, and rushed up to the very walls.

    The Land of Fire | Mayne Reid

British Dictionary definitions for scarp


/ (skɑːp) /

  1. a steep slope, esp one formed by erosion or faulting; escarpment: See also cuesta

  2. fortifications the side of a ditch cut nearest to and immediately below a rampart

  1. (tr; often passive) to wear or cut so as to form a steep slope

Origin of scarp

C16: from Italian scarpa

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for scarp


[ skärp ]

  1. A continuous line of cliffs produced by vertical movement of the Earth's crust along a fault or by erosion. The term is often used interchangeably with escarpment but is more accurately associated with cliffs produced by faulting rather than those produced by erosional processes.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.