confine [k uhn- fahyn for 1, 2, 5, 6; kon-fahyn for 3, 4] Synonyms Word Origin verb (used with object), con·fined, con·fin·ing. to enclose within bounds; limit or restrict: She confined her remarks to errors in the report. Confine your efforts to finishing the book. to shut or keep in; prevent from leaving a place because of imprisonment, illness, discipline, etc.: For that offense he was confined to quarters for 30 days. Usually confines. a boundary or bound; limit; border; frontier. Often confines. region; territory. . Archaic confinement. . Obsolete a place of confinement; prison. Origin of confine 1350–1400
for v.; (noun)
Middle French confins, confines
Medieval Latin confinia,
boundary, border (see
); (v.) <
Middle French confiner,
verbal derivative of
Related forms con·fin·a·ble, con·fine·a·ble, adjective con·fine·less, adjective con·fin·er, noun non·con·fin·ing, adjective pre·con·fine, verb (used with object), pre·con·fined, pre·con·fin·ing. qua·si-con·fin·ing, adjective re·con·fine, verb (used with object), re·con·fined, re·con·fin·ing. self-con·fin·ing, adjective un·con·fin·a·ble, adjective un·con·fin·ing, adjective
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for self-confining to keep or close within bounds; limit; restrict to keep shut in; restrict the free movement of arthritis confined him to bed (often plural) a limit; boundary Derived Forms confinable or confineable, adjective confineless, adjective confiner, noun Word Origin for confine
C16: from Medieval Latin
confīnāre from Latin confīnis adjacent, from fīnis end, boundary
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for self-confining confine n.
c.1400, "boundary, limit" (usually as
confines), from Old French confins "boundaries," from Medieval Latin confines, from Latin confinium (plural confinia) "boundary, limit," from confine, neuter of confinis "bordering on, having the same boundaries," from com- "with" (see com-) + finis "an end" (see finish (n.)). confine v.
1520s, "to border on," from Middle French
confiner, from confins (n.); see confine (n.). Sense of "keeping within limits" is from 1590s. Related: Confined; confining.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper