[self-suh-fish-uh nt, self-]


able to supply one's own or its own needs without external assistance: The nation grows enough grain to be self-sufficient.
having extreme confidence in one's own resources, powers, etc.: He was self-sufficient, and always reminded you of it.

Also self-suf·fic·ing [self-suh-fahy-sing] /ˌsɛlf səˈfaɪ sɪŋ/.

Origin of self-sufficient

First recorded in 1580–90
Related formsself-suf·fi·cien·cy, nounself-suf·fi·cient·ly, adverbun·self-suf·fi·cien·cy, nounun·self-suf·fi·cient, adjectiveun·self-suf·fi·cient·ly, adverb Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for self-sufficiency




able to provide for or support oneself without the help of others
Derived Formsself-sufficiency, nounself-sufficiently, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for self-sufficiency

1620s, originally an attribute of God (translating Greek autakreia), from self- + sufficiency. Of mortals, self-sufficient "able to supply one's own needs" is recorded from 1580s.



"able to supply one's own needs," 1580s, from self- + sufficient. Related: Self-sufficiently.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper