noun, plural Sem·i·noles, (especially collectively) Sem·i·nole.
  1. a member of any of several groupings of North American Indians comprising emigrants from the Creek Confederacy territories to Florida or their descendants in Florida and Oklahoma, especially the culturally conservative present-day Florida Indians.
  2. either of the Muskogean languages spoken by the Seminoles, comprising Mikasuki and the Florida or Seminole dialect of Creek.
  1. of or relating to the Seminoles or their languages.

Origin of Seminole

earlier Seminolie < Creek simanó·li wild, runaway, alteration of earlier and dial. simaló·ni < American Spanish cimarrón; see maroon2 Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for seminoles


  1. plural -noles or -nole a member of a North American Indian people consisting of Creeks who moved into Florida in the 18th century
  2. the language of this people, belonging to the Muskhogean family

Word Origin for Seminole

from Creek simanó-li fugitive, from American Spanish cimarrón runaway
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for seminoles



1763, from Creek (Muskogean) simano:li, earlier simalo:ni "wild, untamed, runaway," from American Spanish cimarron (see maroon (v.)). They fought ward against U.S. troops 1817-18 and 1835-42, after which they largely were removed to Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

seminoles in Culture



A tribe of Native Americans who inhabited Florida in the early nineteenth century. After fighting a war against the United States to keep their land, they were forcibly removed to reservations west of the Mississippi River in the 1840s.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.