• synonyms


  1. a twilled worsted or woolen fabric used especially for clothing.
  2. cotton, rayon, or silk in a twill weave.
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Origin of serge1

1350–1400; < French; replacing Middle English sarge < Middle French < Vulgar Latin *sārica, for Latin sērica (lāna) Chinese (wool), i.e., silk; see seric-
Can be confusedserge surge


verb (used with object), serged, serg·ing.
  1. to overcast (unfinished seams or edges, as in a fabric or rug), especially by machine, in order to prevent fraying.
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Origin of serge2

perhaps to be identified with serge1, though sense shift is unclear


[surj; French serzh]
  1. a male given name.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for serge


  1. a twill-weave woollen or worsted fabric used for clothing
  2. a similar twilled cotton, silk, or rayon fabric
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Word Origin

C14: from Old French sarge, from Vulgar Latin sārica (unattested), from Latin sēricum, from Greek sērikon silk, from sērikos silken, from sēr silkworm
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for serge


late 14c., from Old French serge (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *sarica, in Medieval Latin "cloth of wool mixed with silk or linen," from Latin serica (vestis) "silken (garment)," from serica, from Greek serike, fem. of serikos "silken" (see silk). The French word is the source of German sarsche, Danish sarge, etc.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper