Dictionary.com

sheriff

[ sher-if ]
/ ˈʃɛr ɪf /
Save This Word!

noun
the law-enforcement officer of a county or other civil subdivision of a state.
(formerly) an important civil officer in an English shire.
QUIZ
QUIZ YOURSELF ON AFFECT VS. EFFECT!
In effect, this quiz will prove whether or not you have the skills to know the difference between “affect” and “effect.”
Question 1 of 7
The rainy weather could not ________ my elated spirits on my graduation day.
Meet Grammar CoachWrite or paste your essay, email, or story into Grammar Coach and get grammar helpImprove Your Writing
Meet Grammar CoachImprove Your Writing
Write or paste your essay, email, or story into Grammar Coach and get grammar help

Origin of sheriff

before 1050; Middle English sher(r)ef,Old English scīrgerēfa.See shire, reeve1

OTHER WORDS FROM sheriff

sher·iff·dom [sher-if-duhm], /ˈʃɛr ɪf dəm/, nounsub·sher·iff, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022

How to use sheriff in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for sheriff

sheriff
/ (ˈʃɛrɪf) /

noun
(in the US) the chief law-enforcement officer in a county: popularly elected, except in Rhode Island
(in England and Wales) the chief executive officer of the Crown in a county, having chiefly ceremonial dutiesRelated adjective: shrieval
(in Scotland) a judge in any of the sheriff courts
(in Australia) an administrative officer of the Supreme Court, who enforces judgments and the execution of writs, empanels juries, etc
(in New Zealand) an officer of the High Court

Derived forms of sheriff

sheriffdom, noun

Word Origin for sheriff

Old English scīrgerēfa, from scīr shire 1 + gerēfa reeve 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
FEEDBACK