- any of several rod-shaped aerobic bacteria of the genus Shigella, certain species of which are pathogenic for humans and other warm-blooded animals.
Origin of shigella
< New Latin (1918), after Kiyoshi Shiga (1870–1957), Japanese scientist; see -ella
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
- any rod-shaped Gram-negative bacterium of the genus Shigella; some species cause dysentery
C20: named after K. Shiga (1870–1957), Japanese bacteriologist, who discovered it
- A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, nonmotile, rod-shaped bacteria that includes some species that cause dysentery in humans.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.