Words nearby Sixteenth Amendment
MORE ABOUT SIXTEENTH AMENDMENT
What is the Sixteenth Amendment?
The Constitution of the United States is the document that serves as the fundamental law of the country. An amendment is a change to something. An amendment to the Constitution is any text added to the original document since its ratification in 1788. The Constitution has been amended 27 times in American history.
The Sixteenth Amendment says:
“The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.”
In short, the Sixteenth Amendment allows Congress to enact a federal (national) income tax, which it did soon after the amendment’s ratification. The federal income tax is still used today to fund the national government.
While Congress has always had the power to enact taxes, the Constitution’s wording limited what kinds of taxes it could create. In particular, Article I, Section 9, reads in part:
“No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken.”
This meant that any direct tax must be taken proportionally, so that states were required to pay a tax based on the size of their population. In practice, this means a proportional federal income tax would be higher in a poor state with a large population than it would be in a rich state with a lower population. Thankfully, Congress did not want to enact such an unfair tax.
But a federal government needs regular funds to run the country. The Sixteenth Amendment was Congress’s solution to the problem. The amendment outright states that Congress has the power to collect a federal income tax.
Why is Sixteenth Amendment important?
Before 1864, Congress mostly funded the federal government through indirect taxes, such as tariffs and consumption taxes. However, these taxes affected the poor more heavily, because the wealthy generated most of their income through untaxed investments. So, Congress passed a nonproportional federal income tax in 1864, intending to tax the rich.
The situation stayed that way until 1909, when Congress passed the Sixteenth Amendment on July 2. It took four years to ratify it (on February 3, 1913), but since then the United States has had a nonproportional federal income tax to support the federal government.
While it might be difficult to find an American citizen who is happy to pay income tax, the tax is an important source of money for important programs and services that benefit the entire nation, such as Social Security, health programs like Medicare, and national defense. Thanks to the Sixteenth Amendment, money collected through the federal income tax has allowed the United States government to better support its citizens in many ways.
Did you know … ?
Passing the Sixteenth Amendment dramatically increased the federal government’s revenue, and today the income tax is still a large percentage of the US national budget.
What are real-life examples of Sixteenth Amendment?
The Sixteenth Amendment is very unpopular with most Americans, as nobody enjoys having to pay taxes.
You want to repeal the Second Amendment? Talk to me about the Sixteenth Amendment first.
— Chancellor of the Exchequer (@coachbugs) March 1, 2018
All I want for Christmas is the repeal of the Sixteenth Amendment.
— Brian McLaughlin (@BrianMcLaughl14) November 28, 2020
What other words are related to Sixteenth Amendment?
The Sixteenth Amendment allows Congress to enact a federal ______.
A. sales tax
B. income tax
C. estate tax
D. property tax
How to use Sixteenth Amendment in a sentence
Open-carry activists are known for baiting cops into on-camera arguments about the Second Amendment and state laws.Texas Gun Slingers Police the Police—With a Black Panthers Tactic|Brandy Zadrozny|January 2, 2015|DAILY BEAST
They would not, for example, supersede federal law regarding the Establishment Clause in the First Amendment.
Either we believe the First Amendment is worth defending or we do not.The Sony Hack and America’s Craven Capitulation To Terror|David Keyes|December 19, 2014|DAILY BEAST
They then would expect the Senate to strip that amendment and compromise simply on keeping government open for 60 days.Bachmann and Pelosi vs. Boehner and Obama Over Spending Bill|Ben Jacobs|December 11, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Why are “threats,” unlike other scary speech, outside the protection of the First Amendment?Does Free Speech Cover Murder Fantasies? The Supreme Court’s Definition of a ‘Threat’|Geoffrey R. Stone|December 1, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Consequently an amendment may be made diminishing the weekly allowance to a member who is sick, and also the time of allowing it.
In the French Mustel reed organ the first touch is operated by depressing the keys about a sixteenth part of an inch.The Recent Revolution in Organ Building|George Laing Miller
By the fourteenth amendment to the federal constitution their rights and privileges have been further secured.
Virginia now ranks sixteenth in population among the fifty states of the United States.Hallowed Heritage: The Life of Virginia|Dorothy M. Torpey
We will now take the reader to the primitive tobacco plantations of America about the middle of the Sixteenth Century.