size

1
[sahyz]
See more synonyms for size on Thesaurus.com
noun
  1. the spatial dimensions, proportions, magnitude, or bulk of anything: the size of a farm; the size of the fish you caught.
  2. considerable or great magnitude: to seek size rather than quality.
  3. one of a series of graduated measures for articles of manufacture or trade: children's sizes of shoes.
  4. extent; amount; range: a fortune of great size.
  5. actual condition, circumstance, or state of affairs: That's about the size of it.
  6. a number of population or contents: What size is Springfield, Illinois? The size of that last shipment was only a dozen.
  7. Obsolete. a fixed standard of quality or quantity, as for food or drink.
verb (used with object), sized, siz·ing.
  1. to separate or sort according to size.
  2. to make of a certain size.
  3. Metallurgy. to press (a sintered compact) to close tolerances.
  4. Obsolete. to regulate or control according to a fixed standard.
Verb Phrases
  1. size up, Informal.
    1. to form an estimate of (a situation, person, etc.); judge: They sized him up with a look.
    2. to meet a certain standard: He doesn't size up to my expectations.
Idioms
  1. of a size, of the same or similar size: The two poodles are of a size.
  2. try on for size,
    1. to put on briefly in order to test the fit of, as a garment or shoes.
    2. to consider, evaluate, do, or use before taking further action: We'll try the plan on for size to see whether it's practical.

Origin of size

1
1250–1300; (noun) Middle English syse orig., control, regulation, limit < Old French sise, aphetic variant of assise assize; (v.) in part representing late Middle English sisen to regulate (itself partly derivative of the noun, partly aphetic variant of assisen to fix, ordain, assess < Old French assiser, derivative of assise assize), in part derivative of the noun in later senses
Can be confusedsighs size

Synonym study

1. Size, volume, mass, bulk are terms referring to the extent or dimensions of that which has magnitude and occupies space. Size is the general word: of great size; small in size. Volume often applies to something that has no fixed shape: Smoke has volume. Mass, also, does not suggest shape, but suggests a quantity of matter in a solid body: a mass of concrete. Bulk suggests weight, and often a recognizable, though perhaps unwieldy, shape: the huge bulk of an elephant.

size

2
[sahyz]
noun
  1. any of various gelatinous or glutinous preparations made from glue, starch, etc., used for filling the pores of cloth, paper, etc., or as an adhesive ground for gold leaf on books.
verb (used with object), sized, siz·ing.
  1. to coat or treat with size.

Origin of size

2
1400–50; late Middle English sise, syse (noun); perhaps special use of size1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


Examples from the Web for size

Contemporary Examples of size

Historical Examples of size


British Dictionary definitions for size

size

1
noun
  1. the dimensions, proportions, amount, or extent of something
  2. large or great dimensions, etc
  3. one of a series of graduated measurements, as of clothingshe takes size 4 shoes
  4. informal state of affairs as summarizedhe's bankrupt, that's the size of it
verb
  1. to sort according to size
  2. (tr) to make or cut to a particular size or sizes
Derived Formssizer, noun

Word Origin for size

C13: from Old French sise, shortened from assise assize

usage

The use of -size and -sized after large or small is redundant, except when describing something which is made in specific sizes: a large (not large-size) organization. Similarly, in size is redundant in the expressions large in size and small in size

size

2
noun
  1. Also called: sizing a thin gelatinous mixture, made from glue, clay, or wax, that is used as a sealer or filler on paper, cloth, or plaster surfaces
verb
  1. (tr) to treat or coat (a surface) with size
Derived Formssizy, adjective

Word Origin for size

C15: perhaps from Old French sise; see size 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for size
n.

c.1300, "an ordinance to fix the amount of a payment or tax," from Old French sise, shortened form of assise "session, assessment, regulation, manner" (see assize), probably a misdivision of l'assise as la sise. The sense of "extent, amount, volume, magnitude" (c.1300) is from the notion of regulating something by fixing the amount of it (weights, food portions, etc.). Specific sense of "set of dimensions of a manufactured article for sale" is attested from 1590s.

v.

c.1400, "to regulate," from size (n.). Meaning "to make of a certain size" is from c.1600; that of "to classify according to size" is first attested 1630s. Verbal phrase size up "estimate, assess" is from 1847 and retains the root sense of size (n.). Related: Sized; sizing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with size

size

In addition to the idiom beginning with size

  • size up

also see:

  • cut down (to size)
  • pick on (someone your own size)
  • take down a notch (to size)
  • that's about the size of it
  • try on (for size)
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.