Jan Christiaan (jan ˈkristiˌan). 1870–1950, South African statesman; prime minister (1919–24; 1939–48). He fought for the Boers during the Boer War, then worked for Anglo-Boer reconciliation and served the Allies during World Wars I and II
a small dark smudge or stain, esp one caused by soot
a speck of soot or dirt
something obscene or indecent
any of various fungal diseases of flowering plants, esp cereals, in which black sooty masses of spores cover the affected parts
any parasitic basidiomycetous fungus of the order Ustilaginales that causes such a disease
anglinga minute midge or other insect relished by trout
to mark or become marked or smudged, as with soot
to affect (grain) or (of grain) to be affected with smut
(tr)to remove smut from (grain)
(tr)to make obscene
(intr)to emit soot or smut
(intr)angling(of trout) to feed voraciously on smuts
1660s, "black mark, stain," from verb smutten "debase, defile" (late 14c.), later "stain or mark with soot, etc." (1580s), cognate with Middle High German smotzen "make dirty," from West Germanic *smutt- (cf. Middle High German smuz "grease, dirt;" German Schmutz "dirt," schmutzen "to make dirty"). The meaning "indecent or obscene language" is first attested 1660s.
Any of various bacidiomycete fungi that are parasitic on plants and are distinguished by the black, powdery masses of spores that appear as sooty smudges on the affected plant parts. Smuts are parasitic chiefly on cereal grasses like corn and wheat and can cause enormous damage to crops.
Any of the various plant diseases caused by smuts, such as corn smut.