- alone; without companions; unattended: a solitary passer-by.
- living alone; avoiding the society of others: a solitary existence.
- by itself; alone: one solitary house.
- characterized by the absence of companions: a solitary journey.
- done without assistance or accompaniment; done in solitude: solitary chores.
- being the only one: a solitary exception.
- characterized by solitude, as a place; unfrequented, secluded, or lonely: a solitary cabin in the woods.
- Zoology. living habitually alone or in pairs, as certain wasps.Compare social(def 11).
- a person who lives alone or in solitude, or avoids the society of others.
- a person who lives in solitude from religious motives.
- solitary confinement.
Origin of solitary
SynonymsSee more synonyms for solitary on Thesaurus.com
Examples from the Web for solitariness
On his table was the dust of solitariness; and with his finger he wrote in it "Forever."Thoroughbreds
W. A. Fraser
Reardon had not been to call, but Jeff was too sick of solitariness to mind that.The Prisoner
One important limitation, however, belongs to this statement of solitariness.John Quincy Adams
John. T. Morse
It is loneliness—it is solitariness itself——' and he shuddered.Robert Elsmere
Mrs. Humphry Ward
Your opportunity, for the solitariness of two, will be limited.In Her Own Right
John Reed Scott
- following or enjoying a life of solitudea solitary disposition
- experienced or performed alonea solitary walk
- (of a place) unfrequented
- (prenominal) single; solea solitary speck in the sky
- having few companions; lonely
- (of animals) not living in organized colonies or large groupssolitary bees; a solitary elephant Compare social (def. 7), gregarious (def. 2)
- (of flowers) growing singly
- a person who lives in seclusion; hermit; recluse
- informal short for solitary confinement
Word Origin and History for solitariness
mid-14c., "alone, living alone," from Old French solitaire, from Latin solitarius "alone, lonely, isolated," from solitas "loneliness, solitude," from solus "alone" (see sole (adj.)). Meaning "single, sole, only" is from 1742. Related: Solitarily; solitariness. As a noun from late 14c.; from 1854 as short for solitary confinement (that phrase recorded from 1817).