souse

1
[sous]

verb (used with object), soused, sous·ing.

verb (used without object), soused, sous·ing.

noun


Origin of souse

1
1350–1400; 1915–20 for def 11; (noun) Middle English sows < Middle French souce pickled < Germanic (akin to salt1); (v.) Middle English sousen, derivative of the noun

Synonyms for souse

2. soak, wet.

souse

2
[sous]Archaic.

verb (used without object), soused, sous·ing.

to swoop down.

verb (used with object), soused, sous·ing.

to swoop or pounce upon.

noun Falconry.

a rising while in flight.
a swooping or pouncing.

Origin of souse

2
1480–90; by-form of source in its earlier literal sense “rising”
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


Examples from the Web for souse

Historical Examples of souse

  • "Let us put out his lantern and souse him in the river," said Dick, with a laugh.

  • Souse a Bishop in his bath before you let him warm his chair; cry 'Fire!'

    Little Novels of Italy

    Maurice Henry Hewlett

  • Willis catches the sheep and pitches them in; and his father and Ben souse them.

    When Life Was Young

    C. A. Stephens

  • Let me catch you at it again, and I'll souse you in the river next time.

    Little Men

    Louisa May Alcott

  • He smelt warmth, rest, and there was the promise in his mind of a good "souse."

    The Heart of Unaga

    Ridgwell Cullum


British Dictionary definitions for souse

souse

1

verb

to plunge (something, oneself, etc) into water or other liquid
to drench or be drenched
(tr) to pour or dash (liquid) over (a person or thing)
to steep or cook (food) in a marinade
(tr; usually passive) slang to make drunk

noun

the liquid or brine used in pickling
the act or process of sousing
slang a habitual drunkard

Word Origin for souse

C14: from Old French sous, of Germanic origin; related to Old High German sulza brine

souse

2

verb (intr)

(often foll by on or upon) to swoop suddenly downwards (on a prey)

noun

a sudden downward swoop

Word Origin for souse

C16: perhaps a variant of obsolete vb sense of source
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for souse
v.

late 14c., "to pickle, steep in vinegar," from Old French sous (adj.) "preserved in salt and vinegar," from Frankish *sultja or some other Germanic source (cf. Old Saxon sultia "salt water," Old High German sulza "brine"), from Proto-Germanic *salt- (see salt (n.)). Related: Soused; sousing.

n.

something steeped in pickle, especially "pig parts preserved and pickled," mid-15c., earlier "liquid for pickling" (late 14c.), from souse (v.) or from its French source.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper