Sparta

[ spahr-tuh ]
/ ˈspɑr tə /
|

noun

an ancient city in S Greece: the capital of Laconia and the chief city of the Peloponnesus, at one time the dominant city of Greece: famous for strict discipline and training of soldiers.

Also called Lacedaemon.

Laconia

[ luh-koh-nee-uh ]
/ ləˈkoʊ ni ə /

noun

an ancient country in the S part of Greece. Capital: Sparta.
a city in central New Hampshire.
Related formsLa·co·ni·an, adjective, noun

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for sparta


British Dictionary definitions for sparta

Sparta

/ (ˈspɑːtə) /

noun

an ancient Greek city in the S Peloponnese, famous for the discipline and military prowess of its citizens and for their austere way of life

Laconia

/ (ləˈkəʊnɪə) /

noun

an ancient country of S Greece, in the SE Peloponnese, of which Sparta was the capital: corresponds to the present-day department of Lakonia
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sparta

Sparta

said to be from Greek sparte "cord made from spartos," a type of broom. Perhaps the reference is to the cords laid as foundation markers for the city.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Culture definitions for sparta

Sparta

An ancient Greek city-state and rival of Athens (see also Athens). Sparta was known for its militaristic government and for its educational system designed to train children to be devoted citizens and brave soldiers. Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War.

Note

The term Spartan is used to describe conditions that are low on luxury and designed to produce discipline.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.