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Sparta

[spahr-tuh]
noun
  1. an ancient city in S Greece: the capital of Laconia and the chief city of the Peloponnesus, at one time the dominant city of Greece: famous for strict discipline and training of soldiers.
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Also called Lacedaemon.

Laconia

[luh-koh-nee-uh]
noun
  1. an ancient country in the S part of Greece. Capital: Sparta.
  2. a city in central New Hampshire.
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Related formsLa·co·ni·an, adjective, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for sparta

Contemporary Examples of sparta

Historical Examples of sparta

  • It was resolved to continue the war, and no further embassies were sent to Sparta.

  • And in the meantime a trireme was despatched in all haste to carry their petition to Sparta.

  • At Athens and Sparta there is an apparent contradiction about them.

  • Sparta had no life or growth; no poetry or tradition of the past; no art, no thought.

    Laws

    Plato

  • The two great types of Athens and Sparta had deeply entered into his mind.

    Laws

    Plato


British Dictionary definitions for sparta

Sparta

noun
  1. an ancient Greek city in the S Peloponnese, famous for the discipline and military prowess of its citizens and for their austere way of life
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Laconia

noun
  1. an ancient country of S Greece, in the SE Peloponnese, of which Sparta was the capital: corresponds to the present-day department of Lakonia
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sparta

Sparta

said to be from Greek sparte "cord made from spartos," a type of broom. Perhaps the reference is to the cords laid as foundation markers for the city.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

sparta in Culture

Sparta

An ancient Greek city-state and rival of Athens (see also Athens). Sparta was known for its militaristic government and for its educational system designed to train children to be devoted citizens and brave soldiers. Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War.

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Note

The term Spartan is used to describe conditions that are low on luxury and designed to produce discipline.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.