the ratio of the density of any substance to the density of some other substance taken as standard, water being the standard for liquids and solids, and hydrogen or air being the standard for gases.
- Also called rel·a·tive den·si·ty [rel-uh-tiv den-si-tee] /ˈrɛl ə tɪv ˈdɛn sɪ ti/ .
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023
How to use specific gravity in a sentence
That’s why her closest relationship is with Briar, who loves her with a deep and specific gravity.The smart political argument behind the satire Such a Fun Age | Constance Grady | November 19, 2021 | Vox
The specific gravity is most conveniently estimated by means of the urinometer—Squibb's is preferable (Fig. 14).
One frequently wishes to ascertain the specific gravity of quantities of fluid too small to float an urinometer.
The specific gravity method is very useful when special instruments are not at hand.
The specific gravity is the relative weight of a body compared to an equal bulk of some other body taken as a standard.Assimilative Memory | Marcus Dwight Larrowe (AKA Prof. A. Loisette)
With normal specific gravity the proteid is high when the fat is high, and vice vers.
British Dictionary definitions for specific gravity
the ratio of the density of a substance to that of water: See relative density
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Scientific definitions for specific gravity
The relative density of a solid or liquid, usually when measured at a temperature of 20°C, compared with the maximum density of water (at 4°C). For example, the specific gravity of carbon steel is 7.8, that of lead is 11.34, and that of pure gold is 19.32.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Cultural definitions for specific gravity
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.