[ splee-nee-uhs ]

noun,plural sple·ni·i [splee-nee-nee-ahy]. /ˈspli ni niˌaɪ/. Anatomy.
  1. a broad muscle on each side of the back of the neck and the upper part of the thoracic region, the action of which draws the head backward and assists in turning it to one side.

Origin of splenius

1725–35; <New Latin, for Latin splēnium<Greek splēníon plaster, patch

Other words from splenius

  • sple·ni·al, adjective
  • sub·sple·ni·al, adjective

Words Nearby splenius

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How to use splenius in a sentence

  • This latter relation is also found in the ox, but the splenius in this case is but slightly developed.

  • When the splenius contracts it extends the head and neck, while inclining them to its own side.

British Dictionary definitions for splenius


/ (ˈspliːnɪəs) /

nounplural -nii (-nɪˌaɪ)
  1. anatomy either of two flat muscles situated at the back of the neck that rotate, flex, and extend the head and neck

Origin of splenius

C18: via New Latin from Greek splēnion a plaster

Derived forms of splenius

  • splenial, adjective

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012