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sprain

[ spreyn ]
/ spreɪn /
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See synonyms for: sprain / sprained / spraining on Thesaurus.com

verb (used with object)

to overstrain or wrench (the ligaments of an ankle, wrist, or other joint) so as to injure without fracture or dislocation.

noun

a violent straining or wrenching of the parts around a joint, without dislocation.
the condition of being sprained.

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Origin of sprain

First recorded in 1595–1605; origin uncertain

synonym study for sprain

1. See strain1.

OTHER WORDS FROM sprain

un·sprained, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

How to use sprain in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for sprain

sprain
/ (spreɪn) /

verb

(tr) to injure (a joint) by a sudden twisting or wrenching of its ligaments

noun

the resulting injury to such a joint, characterized by swelling and temporary disability

Word Origin for sprain

C17: of uncertain origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for sprain

sprain
[ sprān ]

n.

An injury to a ligament when the joint is carried through a range of motion greater than its normal range without dislocation or fracture.

v.

To cause a sprain to a joint or ligament.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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