Definition for sprung (2 of 2)
verb (used without object), sprang or, often, sprung; sprung; spring·ing.
verb (used with object), sprang or, often, sprung; sprung; spring·ing.
- a popular movement calling for liberal reforms and opposing authoritarian restrictions on freedom and information access (usually used in combination): the brief Seoul Spring of 1979–80; the Academic Spring’s goal of free access to published research.See also Prague Spring, Arab Spring.
- a period of liberalization or democratization.
- warp(def 16).
- a line from the quarter of a vessel to an anchor on the bottom, used to hold the vessel at its mooring, broadside to the current.
- the point at which an arch or dome rises from its support.
- the rise or the angle of the rise of an arch.
Origin of spring
Examples from the Web for sprung
Like a Jack in the Box just sprung from coiled captivity, he begins rambling excitedly.
A citizens group, Kansans for Justice, has sprung up as well to oppose retention of Justices Lee Johnson and Eric Rosen.
And in the U.K., dozens of small and large companies have sprung up to serve the market.
Various pain management initiatives have sprung up around the country, whether related to cancer or other causes.
A new type of democracy has sprung up as a result; a unity of thought and expression that is uniquely Brazilian.Brazil’s World Cup Is An Expensive, Exploitative Nightmare|Vac Verikaitis|May 30, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Indeed, in certain quarters a prejudice against laughing under any circumstances appears to have sprung up.Europe Revised|Irvin S. Cobb
If he bad met Edward Marston face to face now he would have sprung upon him and throttled him where he stood.Rogues and Vagabonds|George R. Sims
A door on the opposite side of the Boundaries was suddenly opened, to give admittance to one who sprung out with a bound.The Channings|Mrs. Henry Wood
The stars were blue as steel in the moonless sky above the arc-lamps; and a cold parching wind had sprung up.Sinister Street, vol. 2|Compton Mackenzie
The lady had sprung to her feet, and had broken through the nearest bushes into the thicket beyond.Star of Mercia|Blanche Devereux
British Dictionary definitions for sprung (1 of 2)
British Dictionary definitions for sprung (2 of 2)
verb springs, springing, sprang, sprung or sprung
- the quality of resilience; elasticity
- (as modifier)spring steel
- a natural outflow of ground water, as forming the source of a stream
- (as modifier)spring water
- a device, such as a coil or strip of steel, that stores potential energy when it is compressed, stretched, or bent and releases it when the restraining force is removed
- (as modifier)a spring mattress
- (sometimes capital) the season of the year between winter and summer, astronomically from the March equinox to the June solstice in the N hemisphere and from the September equinox to the December solstice in the S hemisphere
- (as modifier)spring showers Related adjective: vernal
Word Origin for spring
Word Origin and History for sprung (1 of 4)
Old English springan "to leap, burst forth, fly up" (class III strong verb; past tense sprang, past participle sprungen), from Proto-Germanic *sprenganan (cf. Old Norse, Old Frisian springa, Middle Dutch springhen, Old High German springan, German springen), from PIE *sprengh- "rapid movement" (cf. Sanskrit sprhayati "desires eagerly," Greek sperkhesthai "to hurry").
In Middle English, it took on the role of causal sprenge, from Old English sprengan (as still in to spring a trap, etc.). Slang meaning "to pay" (for a treat, etc.) is recorded from 1906. Meaning "to announce suddenly" (usually with on) is from 1876. Meaning "to release" (from imprisonment) is from 1900.
Word Origin and History for sprung (1 of 4)
"season following winter," 1540s, earlier springing time (late 14c.), spring-time (late 15c.), spring of the year (1520s), which had replaced Old English Lent by late 14c. From spring (v.); also see spring (n.3). The notion is of the "spring of the year," when plants "spring up" (cf. spring of the leaf, 1530s).
Other Germanic languages tend to take words for "fore" or "early" as their roots for the season name, cf. Danish voraar, Dutch voorjaar, literally "fore-year;" German Frühling, from Middle High German vrueje "early." In 15c., the season also was prime-temps, after Old French prin tans, tamps prim (French printemps, which replaced primevère 16c. as the common word for spring), from Latin tempus primum, literally "first time, first season."
Spring fever was Old English lenctenadle; first record of spring cleaning is in 1857 (in ancient Persia, the first month, corresponding to March-April, was Adukanaiša, which apparently means "Irrigation-Canal-Cleaning Month;" Kent, p.167). Spring chicken "small roasting chicken" (usually 11 to 14 weeks) is recorded from 1780; transferred sense of "young person" first recorded 1906. Spring training first attested 1897.
Word Origin and History for sprung (2 of 4)
"source of a stream or river," Old English, from spring (v.) on the notion of the water "bursting forth" from the ground. Rarely used alone, appearing more often in compounds, e.g. wyllspring "wellspring." Figurative sense of "source or origin of something" is attested from early 13c.
Word Origin and History for sprung (3 of 4)
"act of springing or leaping," mid-15c., from spring (v.). The elastic coil that returns to its shape when stretched is so called from early 15c., originally in clocks and watches. As a device in carriages, coaches, etc., it is attested from 1660s. The oldest noun sense (c.1300) is a general one of "action or time of rising or springing into existence." It was used of sunrise, the waxing of the moon, rising tides, etc., and is preserved in spring (n.1).