[ stawnch, stanch, stahnch ]
/ stɔntʃ, stæntʃ, stɑntʃ /

verb (used with object)

to stop the flow of (a liquid, especially blood).
to stop the flow of blood or other liquid from (a wound, leak, etc.).
Archaic. to check, allay, or extinguish.

verb (used without object)

to stop flowing, as blood; be stanched.


Also called flash-lock, navigation weir. a lock that, after being partially emptied, is opened suddenly to send a boat over a shallow place with a rush of water.

Nearby words

  1. stampede,
  2. stamper,
  3. stamping ground,
  4. stan,
  5. stance,
  6. stanchion,
  7. stanchless,
  8. stanchlessly,
  9. stand,
  10. stand a chance

Also staunch.

Origin of stanch

1275–1325; Middle English stanchen, staunchen (v.) < Old French estanchier to close, stop, slake (thirst) < Vulgar Latin *stanticāre, equivalent to Latin stant- (stem of stāns, present participle of stāre to stand) + -icāre causative suffix

Related formsstanch·a·ble, adjectivestanch·er, nounun·stanch·a·ble, adjective


[ stawnch, stahnch, stanch ]
/ stɔntʃ, stɑntʃ, stæntʃ /

adjective, stanch·er, stanch·est.

Related formsstanch·ly, adverbstanch·ness, noun Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for stanch

British Dictionary definitions for stanch


staunch (stɔːntʃ)

/ (stɑːntʃ) /


to stem the flow of (a liquid, esp blood) or (of a liquid) to stop flowing
to prevent the flow of a liquid, esp blood, from (a hole, wound, etc)
an archaic word for assuage


a primitive form of lock in which boats are carried over shallow parts of a river in a rush of water released by the lock
Derived Formsstanchable or staunchable, adjectivestancher or stauncher, noun

Word Origin for stanch

C14: from Old French estanchier, from Vulgar Latin stanticāre (unattested) to cause to stand, from Latin stāre to stand, halt

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for stanch



"to stop the flow of" (especially of blood), c.1300, from Old French estanchier "cause to cease flowing, stop, hinder," from Vulgar Latin *stancare, perhaps contracted from *stagnicare, from Latin stagnum "pond, pool" (see stagnate).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper