verb (used with object), stat·ed, stat·ing.
Origin of state
The e in estat is called a prothetic e ( prothetikós means “prefixed” in Greek). The prothetic e appears in the Romance languages of France (French, Provençal), and the Iberian Peninsula (Castilian, Portuguese, Catalan), and in Logudorese (the most conservative dialect of the Sardinian language). For example, Latin schola “school” appears as école in French (from earlier escole ), escòla in Provençal, escuela in Castilian, escola in Portuguese and Catalan, and iscola in Logudorese. The prothetic e was never common in Italy except to avoid ungainly consonant clusters; thus Italian la scuola “the school” becomes per iscuola “for school.” Prothesis persists in modern Spanish, Portuguese, and Catalan: “station” is estación, estação, and estació, respectively, but it is no longer productive in French (“station” is station ) or Italian ( stazione ). Prothesis has never been common in Romanian (“school” is şcoală ).
Examples from the Web for state
Dental leaders barnstormed the state, and cities began to fluoridate.
This week, Florida became the 36th state to allow same-sex marriage.
But if you have a hearing and you prove that someone is mature enough, well then that state interest evaporates.
Duke was a state representative whose neo-Nazi alliances were disgorged in media reports during his run for governor in 1991.
At the time (and until 1913), U.S. senators were not popularly elected but were selected by the state legislature.The Black Man Who Replaced Jefferson Davis in the Senate|Philip Dray|January 7, 2015|DAILY BEAST
It is always of a deep colour, and is doubtless introduced in the state of cercaria, when the animal is drinking.Animal Parasites and Messmates|P. J. Van Beneden
One of the "owned" senators representing a decadent New England state, himself master of the state political machine.Theft|Jack London
There was nothing in the state of the atmosphere to attract special attention.A History of Epidemics in Britain, Volume II (of 2)|Charles Creighton
You state here, 'upon cool, deliberate inquiry': what was that cool, deliberate inquiry?
He wrought a state out of tribal kinship and fostered an independence and self-reliance which no oppression could destroy.Optimism|Helen Keller
British Dictionary definitions for state
verb (tr; may take a clause as object)
Word Origin for state
Word Origin and History for state (1 of 3)
early 13c., "circumstances, temporary attributes of a person or thing, conditions," from Latin status "manner of standing, position, condition," noun of action from past participle stem of stare "to stand" from PIE root *sta- "to stand" (see stet). Some Middle English senses are via Old French estat (French état; see estate).
The Latin word was adopted into other modern Germanic languages (e.g. German, Dutch staat) but chiefly in the political senses only. Meaning "physical condition as regards form or structure" is attested from late 13c. Meaning "mental or emotional condition" is attested from 1530s (phrase state of mind first attested 1749); colloquial sense of "agitated or perturbed state" is from 1837.
He [the President] shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient. [U.S. Constitution, Article II, Section iii]
Word Origin and History for state (1 of 3)
1590s, "to set in a position," from state (n.1); the sense of "declare in words" is first attested 1640s, from the notion of "placing" something on the record. Related: Stated; stating.
Word Origin and History for state (2 of 3)
"political organization of a country, supreme civil power, government," 1530s, from state (n.1); this sense grew out of the meaning "condition of a country" with regard to government, prosperity, etc. (late 13c.), from Latin phrases such as status rei publicæ "condition of the republic." Often in phrase church and state, which is attested from 1580s.
The sense of "semi-independent political entity under a federal authority" (as in the United States of America) is from 1856; the British North American colonies occasionally were called states as far back as 1630s. The states has been short for "the United States of America" since 1777; hence stateside (1944), World War II U.S. military slang. State rights in U.S. political sense is attested from 1798; form states rights is first recorded 1858.
Medicine definitions for state
Idioms and Phrases with state
In addition to the idiom beginning with state
- state of the art
- in a lather (state)
- in state
- ship of state