of or relating to the school of philosophy founded by Zeno, who taught that people should be free from passion, unmoved by joy or grief, and submit without complaint to unavoidable necessity.
(lowercase) stoical.


a member or adherent of the Stoic school of philosophy.
(lowercase) a person who maintains or affects the mental attitude advocated by the Stoics.

Origin of Stoic

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin Stōicus < Greek Stōikós, equivalent to stō- (variant stem of stoá stoa) + -ikos -ic
Related formsnon-Sto·ic, adjective, nounun·sto·ic, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for stoic



a person who maintains stoical qualities


a variant of stoical



a member of the ancient Greek school of philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium, holding that virtue and happiness can be attained only by submission to destiny and the natural law


of or relating to the doctrines of the Stoics

Word Origin for Stoic

C16: via Latin from Greek stōikos, from stoa the porch in Athens where Zeno taught
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for stoic

late 14c., "philosopher of the school founded by Zeno," from Latin stoicus, from Greek stoikos "pertaining to a member of or the teachings of the school founded by Zeno (c.334-c.262 B.C.E.), characterized by austere ethical doctrines," literally "pertaining to a portico," from stoa "porch," specifically Stoa Poikile "the Painted Porch," the great hall in Athens (decorated with frescoes depicting the Battle of Marathon) where Zeno taught (see stoa). Meaning "person who represses feelings or endures patiently" first recorded 1570s. The adjective is recorded from 1590s in the "repressing feelings" sense, c.1600 in the philosophical sense.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper