- the end surface or surfaces of a piece from which a tenon or tenons project.
- an inclined and raised surface, as on a joggle post, for receiving and supporting the foot of a strut or the like.
verb (used with object)
verb (used without object)
Origin of shoulder
- to treat someone in a cold manner; snub
- to ignore or shun someone
- side by side or close together
- in a corporate effort
Word Origin for shoulder
Old English sculdor "shoulder," from West Germanic *skuldro (cf. Middle Dutch scouder, Dutch schouder, Old Frisian skoldere, Middle Low German scholder, Old High German scultra, German Schulter), of unknown origin, perhaps related to shield (n.). Meaning "edge of the road" is attested from 1933. Cold shoulder (Neh. ix:29) translates Latin humerum recedentum dare in Vulgate (but see cold shoulder). Shoulder-length, of hair, is from 1951.
c.1300, "to push with the shoulder," from shoulder (n.). Meaning "take a burden" first recorded 1580s. The military sense is from 1590s. Related: Shouldered; shouldering.
straight from the shoulder
In a direct, forthright manner, as in I'll tell you, straight from the shoulder, that you'll have to do better or they'll fire you. This expression comes from boxing, where it describes a blow delivered with full force. Its figurative use dates from the late 1800s.
In addition to the idiom beginning with shoulder
- shoulder to shoulder
- broad shoulders
- chip on one's shoulder
- cold shoulder
- cry on someone's shoulder
- good head on one's shoulders
- head and shoulders above
- on one's shoulders
- put one's shoulder to the wheel
- rub elbows (shoulders) with
- shrug one's shoulders
- square one's shoulders
- straight from the shoulder
- weight of the world on one's shoulders