Origin of struck
verb (used with object), struck or (Obsolete) strook; struck or especially for 31–34, strick·en or (Obsolete) strook; strik·ing.
- to lower or take down (a sail, mast, etc.).
- to lower (a sail, flag, etc.) as a salute or as a sign of surrender.
- to lower (something) into the hold of a vessel by means of a rope and tackle.
- to hook (a fish that has taken the bait) by making a sharp jerk on the line.
- (of a fish) to snatch at (the bait).
- to declare or engage in a suspension of (work) until an employer grants certain demands, such as pay increases, an improved pension plan, etc.
- to declare or engage in a suspension of work against (a factory, employer, industry, etc.) until certain demands are met.
verb (used without object), struck or (Obsolete) strook, strik·ing.
- U.S. Army.to act as a voluntary paid servant to a commissioned officer.
- U.S. Navy.to work hard: strive (followed by for): He is striking for yeoman.
- to lower the flag or colors, especially as a salute or as a sign of surrender.
- to run up the white flag of surrender.
- a pitch that is swung at and missed by the batter.
- a pitch that passes through the strike zone and is not swung at by the batter.
- a foul tip caught by the catcher when there are already two strikes against the batter.
- a foul bunt when there are already two strikes against the batter.
- a ball hit foul and not caught on the fly when there are less than two strikes against the batter.
- the knocking down of all of the pins with the first bowl.
- the score so made.Compare spare(def 22).
- a sharp jerk on the line, made in order to set the hook in the mouth of the fish.
- a pull on the line, made by the fish in the process of taking the bait.
- the direction of the line formed by the intersection of the bedding plane of a bed or stratum of sedimentary rock with a horizontal plane.
- the direction or trend of a structural feature, as an anticlinal axis or the lineation resulting from metamorphism.
- Printing.to print: They struck off 300 copies of the book.
- to remove or cancel, as from a record, list, etc.: His name was struck off the waiting list.
- to produce rapidly and easily: She struck off several letters and had no more work to do.
- to depart rapidly: We struck off for the country.
- Baseball.to put out or be put out by a strike-out: The pitcher walked two and struck out three. He struck out twice in three times at bat.
- (of a person or effort) to fail: His next two business ventures struck out.
- to lose favor.
- to erase; cross out.
- to set forth; venture forth: She struck out on her own at the age of 18.
- to begin to play or to sing: The orchestra struck up a waltz.
- to set in operation; begin: Strike up the band!
- to bring into being; commence; begin: to strike up an acquaintance with new neighbors.
Origin of strike
Antonyms for strike
Examples from the Web for struck
Contemporary Examples of struck
He spoke of the present-day tragedies and turmoil that struck the city while he and his classmates were in the academy.Cop Families Boo De Blasio at NYPD Graduation
December 30, 2014
He has struck a promising tone these last few days with his rhetoric about trying to “see each other.”Memo to Cops: Criticisms Aren’t Attacks
December 28, 2014
Like that tourist handing out cigars, I, too, had a family member in one of the towers that had been struck by a plane.The Life and Hard Times Of The Family A Cuban Defector Left Behind
December 19, 2014
I struck up a conversation with a man in his fifties or sixties who had a Brooklyn accent.I Ate Potato Pancakes Til I Plotzed
December 17, 2014
That struck the ACLU—and the judge in the case, Alvin Hellerstein—as a specious argument.The Detainee Abuse Photos Obama Didn’t Want You To See
Noah Shachtman, Tim Mak
December 15, 2014
Historical Examples of struck
This gambler he was the slickest short-card player ever struck hereabouts.The Spenders
Harry Leon Wilson
I was struck with the order of the bath: also the scimetary of the apartments.
Steered east for four miles, when we struck Mr. Gosse's cart-track.Explorations in Australia
He didn't mention this, but even if he had you should not have struck him back.
He gave me some impertinent advice, and, because I did not care to take it, he struck me.
verb strikes, striking or struck
- to lower or remove (a specified piece of gear)
- to haul down or dip (a flag, sail, etc) in salute or in surrender
- to lower (cargo, etc) into the hold of a ship
- to deliver an effective blow
- to achieve the intended effect
- to discover an extensive deposit of a mineral, petroleum, etc
- to have an unexpected financial success
- the act or an instance of knocking down all the pins with the first bowl of a single frame
- the score thus madeCompare spare (def. 17)
Word Origin for strike
Old English strican "pass over lightly, stroke, smooth, rub," also "go, proceed" (past tense strac, past participle stricen), from Proto-Germanic *strik- (cf. Old Norse strykva "to stroke," Old Frisian strika, Middle Dutch streken, Dutch strijken "to smooth, stroke, rub," Old High German strihhan, German streichen), from PIE root *str(e)ig- "to stroke, rub, press" (see strigil).
Related to streak and stroke, and perhaps influenced in sense development by cognate Old Norse striuka. Sense of "to deal a blow" developed by early 14c.; meaning "to collide" is from mid-14c.; that of "to hit with a missile" is from late 14c. Meaning "to cancel or expunge" (as with the stroke of a pen) is attested from late 14c. An older sense is preserved in strike for "go toward."
"concentrated cessation of work by a body of employees," 1810, from verb meaning "refuse to work to force an employer to meet demands" (1768), from strike (v.). Perhaps from notion of striking or "downing" one's tools, or from sailors' practice of striking (lowering) a ship's sails as a symbol of refusal to go to sea (1768), which preserves the verb's original sense of "make level, smooth."
Baseball sense is first recorded 1841, originally meaning any contact with the ball; modern sense developed by 1890s, apparently from foul strike, which counted against the batter, and as hit came to be used for "contact with the ball" this word was left for "swing and a miss" that counts against the batter. Bowling sense attested from 1859. Meaning "sudden military attack" is attested from 1942.
A concerted refusal by employees in a particular business or industry to work. Its goal is usually to force employers to meet demands respecting wages and other working conditions.
In addition to the idioms beginning with strike
- strike a balance
- strike a bargain
- strike a chord
- strike a happy medium
- strike down
- strike it rich
- strike out
- strike the right note
- strike while the iron is hot
- go out (on strike)
- happy medium, strike a
- lightning never strikes twice
- on strike
- two strikes against