[ av-er-ij, av-rij ]
/ ˈæv ər ɪdʒ, ˈæv rɪdʒ /
a quantity, rating, or the like that represents or approximates an arithmetic mean: Her golf average is in the 90s. My average in science has gone from B to C this semester.
a typical amount, rate, degree, etc.; norm.
Statistics. arithmetic mean.
Mathematics. a quantity intermediate to a set of quantities.
- a charge paid by the master of a ship for such services as pilotage or towage.
- an expense, partial loss, or damage to a ship or cargo.
- the incidence of such an expense or loss to the owners or their insurers.
- an equitable apportionment among all the interested parties of such an expense or loss.Compare general average, particular average.
of or relating to an average; estimated by average; forming an average: The average rainfall there is 180 inches.
typical; common; ordinary: The average secretary couldn't handle such a workload. His grades were nothing special, only average.
verb (used with object), av·er·aged, av·er·ag·ing.
to find an average value for (a variable quantity); reduce to a mean: We averaged the price of milk in five neighborhood stores.
(of a variable quantity) to have as its arithmetic mean: Wheat averages 56 pounds to a bushel.
to do or have on the average: He averages seven hours of sleep a night.
verb (used without object), av·er·aged, av·er·ag·ing.
to have or show an average: to average as expected.
average down, to purchase more of a security or commodity at a lower price to reduce the average cost of one's holdings.
- to come out of a security or commodity transaction with a profit or without a loss.
- to reach an average or other figure: His taxes should average out to about a fifth of his income.
average up, to purchase more of a security or commodity at a higher price to take advantage of a contemplated further rise in prices.
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Question 1 of 10
Idioms for average
on the/an average, usually; typically: She can read 50 pages an hour, on the average.
Origin of average
1485–95; earlier averay charge on goods shipped, orig. duty (< Middle French avarie < Old Italian avaria < Arabic ʿawārīyah damaged merchandise), with -age replacing -ay
OTHER WORDS FROM average
av·er·age·a·ble, adjectiveav·er·age·ly, adverbav·er·age·ness, nounsub·av·er·age, adjective
sub·av·er·age·ly, adverbsu·per·av·er·age, adjectivesu·per·av·er·age·ness, nounun·av·er·aged, adjectiveun·der·av·er·age, adjectivewell-av·er·aged, adjective
Words nearby average
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020
British Dictionary definitions for subaverage
/ (ˈævərɪdʒ, ˈævrɪdʒ) /
the typical or normal amount, quality, degree, etcabove average in intelligence
Also called: arithmetic mean the result obtained by adding the numbers or quantities in a set and dividing the total by the number of members in the setthe average of 3, 4, and 8 is 5
(of a continuously variable ratio, such as speed) the quotient of the differences between the initial and final values of the two quantities that make up the ratiohis average over the journey was 30 miles per hour
- a loss incurred or damage suffered by a ship or its cargo at sea
- the equitable apportionment of such loss among the interested parties
(often plural) stock exchange a simple or weighted average of the prices of a selected group of securities computed in order to facilitate market comparisons
on average, on the average or on an average usually; typicallyon average, he goes twice a week
usual or typical
mediocre or inferiorhis performance was only average
constituting a numerical averagethe average age; an average speed
approximately typical of a range of valuesthe average contents of a matchbox
(tr) to obtain or estimate a numerical average of
(tr) to assess the general quality of
(tr) to perform or receive a typical number ofto average eight hours' work a day
(tr) to divide up proportionatelythey averaged the profits among the staff
(tr) to amount to or be on averagethe children averaged 15 years of age
(intr) stock exchange to purchase additional securities in a holding whose price has fallen (average down) or risen (average up) in anticipation of a speculative profit after further increases in price
Derived forms of averageaveragely, adverbaverageness, noun
Word Origin for average
C15 averay loss arising from damage to ships or cargoes (shared equitably among all concerned, hence the modern sense), from Old Italian avaria, ultimately from Arabic awār damage, blemish
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Medical definitions for subaverage
[ ăv′ər-ĭj, ăv′rĭj ]
A number that typifies a set of numbers of which it is a function.
An intermediate level or degree.
Of, relating to, or constituting an average.
Being intermediate between extremes, as on a scale.
To calculate the average of.
To do or have an average of.
To distribute proportionately, as over a period of time.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Scientific definitions for subaverage
[ ăv′ər-ĭj ]
A number, especially the arithmetic mean, that is derived from and considered typical or representative of a set of numbers. Compare arithmetic mean median mode.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Cultural definitions for subaverage
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.