in range, (of two or more objects observed from a vessel) located one directly behind the other.

Origin of range

1350–1400; (noun) Middle English < Old French renge row, derivative of renc line; see rank1; (v.) Middle English rangen < Middle French ranger, Old French rengier, derivative of renc
Related formsnon·rang·ing, adjectivesub·range, nounun·rang·ing, adjective

Synonyms for range

1. sweep, reach. Range, compass, latitude, scope refer to extent or breadth. Range emphasizes extent and diversity: the range of one's interests. Compass suggests definite limits: within the compass of one's mind. Latitude emphasizes the idea of freedom from narrow confines, thus breadth or extent: granted latitude of action. Scope suggests great freedom but a proper limit: the scope of one's activities; the scope of one's obligations. 14. kind, sort. 15. tier, file. 25. align, rank. 26. array. 36. See roam. 38. lie. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for subrange



the limits within which a person or thing can function effectivelythe range of vision
the limits within which any fluctuation takes placea range of values
the total products of a manufacturer, designer, or stockistthe new autumn range
  1. the maximum effective distance of a projectile fired from a weapon
  2. the distance between a target and a weapon
an area set aside for shooting practice or rocket testing
the total distance which a ship, aircraft, or land vehicle is capable of covering without taking on fresh fuelthe range of this car is about 160 miles
physics the distance that a particle of ionizing radiation, such as an electron or proton, can travel through a given medium, esp air, before ceasing to cause ionization
maths logic
  1. (of a function) the set of values that the function takes for all possible argumentsCompare domain (def. 7a)
  2. (of a variable) the set of values that a variable can take
  3. (of a quantifier) the set of values that the variable bound by the quantifier can take
statistics a measure of dispersion obtained by subtracting the smallest from the largest sample values
the extent of pitch difference between the highest and lowest notes of a voice, instrument, etc
US and Canadian
  1. an extensive tract of open land on which livestock can graze
  2. (as modifier)range cattle
the geographical region in which a species of plant or animal normally grows or lives
a rank, row, or series of items
a series or chain of mountains
a large stove with burners and one or more ovens, usually heated by solid fuel
the act or process of ranging
nautical a line of sight taken from the sea along two or more navigational aids that mark a navigable channel
the extension or direction of a survey line, established by marking two or more points
a double-faced bookcase, as in a library
range of significance philosophy logic the set of subjects for which a given predicate is intelligible


to establish or be situated in a line, row, or series
(tr; often reflexive foll by with) to put into a specific category; classifyshe ranges herself with the angels
(foll by on) to aim or point (a telescope, gun, etc) or (of a gun, telescope, etc) to be pointed or aimed
to establish the distance of (a target) from (a weapon)
(intr) (of a gun or missile) to have a specified range
(when intr , foll by over) to wander about (in) an area; roam (over)
(intr foll by over) (of an animal or plant) to live or grow in its normal habitat
(tr) to put (cattle) to graze on a range
(intr) to fluctuate within specific limitstheir ages range from 18 to 21
(intr) to extend or run in a specific direction
(tr) nautical to coil (an anchor rope or chain) so that it will pay out smoothly
(intr) nautical (of a vessel) to swing back and forth while at anchor
(tr) to make (lines of printers' type) level or even at the margin

Word Origin for range

C13: from Old French: row, from ranger to position, from renc line
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for subrange



c.1200, "row or line of persons" (especially hunters or soldiers), from Old French range "range, rank" (see range (v.)). General sense of "line, row" is from early 14c.; meaning "row of mountains" is from 1705.

Meaning "scope, extent" first recorded late 15c.; that of "area over which animals seek food" is from 1620s, from the verb. Specific U.S. sense of "series of townships six miles in width" is from 1785. Sense of "distance a gun can send a bullet" is recorded from 1590s; meaning "place used for shooting practice" is from 1862. The cooking appliance so called since mid-15c., for unknown reasons. Originally a stove built into a fireplace with openings on top for multiple operations. Range-finder attested from 1872.



c.1200, rengen, "move over a large area, roam with the purpose of searching or hunting," from Old French ranger, earlier rengier "to place in a row, arrange; get into line," from reng "row, line," from a Germanic source (see rank (n.)). Sense of "to arrange in rows" is recorded from c.1300; intransitive sense of "exist in a row or rows" is from c.1600. Related: Ranged; ranging.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

subrange in Medicine




In statistics, the difference or interval between the smallest and largest values in a frequency distribution.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

subrange in Science



The set of all values that a given function may have. Compare domain.
The difference between the smallest and largest values in a set of data. If the lowest test score of a group of students is 54 and the highest is 94, the range is 40.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Idioms and Phrases with subrange


see at close range.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.