[ suhb-stuh n-tiv ]
/ ˈsʌb stən tɪv /

noun Grammar.

a noun.
a pronoun or other word or phrase functioning or inflected like a noun.


Nearby words

  1. substantialism,
  2. substantialize,
  3. substantially,
  4. substantiate,
  5. substantival,
  6. substantive agreements,
  7. substantive rank,
  8. substantive right,
  9. substantivize,
  10. substation

Origin of substantive

1350–1400; Middle English < Late Latin substantīvus, equivalent to Latin substant(ia) substance + -īvus -ive

Related forms Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for substantively

British Dictionary definitions for substantively


/ (ˈsʌbstəntɪv) /


grammar a noun or pronoun used in place of a noun


Abbreviation: s, sb, subst

Derived Formssubstantival (ˌsʌbstənˈtaɪvəl), adjectivesubstantivally, adverbsubstantively, adverbsubstantiveness, noun

Word Origin for substantive

C15: from Late Latin substantīvus, from Latin substāre to stand beneath; see substance

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for substantively



late 15c., "standing by itself," from Old French substantif, from Late Latin substantivum, neuter of Latin substantivus "of substance or being," from substantia (see substance). The grammatical term (late 14c.) was introduced by the French to denote the noun in contradistinction to the adjective, from Latin nomen substantivum "name or word of substance."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper