suffragette

[ suhf-ruh-jet ]
/ ˌsʌf rəˈdʒɛt /

noun

a woman advocate of female suffrage.

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Origin of suffragette

First recorded in 1900–05; suffrage + -ette

usage note for suffragette

See -ette.

OTHER WORDS FROM suffragette

suf·fra·get·tism, noun

WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH suffragette

suffragist, suffragette
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

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What is a suffragette?

A suffragette refers to a woman who advocates for women’s right to vote. This term especially applies to women in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the U.S. and U.K.

Where does suffragette come from?

The right to vote, historically afforded only to certain men, is known as suffrage. In 1906, the term suffragette was coined using the French feminine suffix -ette, to describe a woman who supported women’s suffrage, first used, notably, by British journalist Charles Hands in the Daily Mail to deride members of the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU).

Early on, suffragette was often used to denote a more extreme form of the suffragist, a term for an advocate of political franchise, especially for women, dating back to at least the 1820s. Whereas suffragists were simply asking for the right to vote, suffragettes were considered more militant, as the WSPU were known to be. Some British women’s suffrage groups reclaimed the label suffragette, although others, especially in the United States, preferred to keep the older suffragist.

The British and American women’s suffrage movements, while separate, were still closely intertwined. In the United Kingdom, a bill for women’s suffrage was put before Parliament in 1870. When it was eventually defeated in 1897, the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies was formed. Its purpose was to campaign to extend the right to vote for women under the same terms as it existed for men. Led by wealthy widow Millicent Garrett Fawcett, it advocated a peaceful approach, including letter-writing campaigns.

In 1903, though, British activist Emmeline Pankhurst formed the WPSU, which urged civil disobedience. In 1908, for instance, the organization attempted to invade the British House of Commons. These tactics often led to arrests. Hunger strikes in prison were one common tactic to protest.

In 1918, after many years of campaigning, some women were finally granted the right to vote in the U.K. This was a quite limited act, however. Only men and women over the age of 30 years were enfranchised under certain conditions (men had to have been able to vote previously in local elections and women had to be property owners or married to men who were members of particular local bodies, among other stipulations). It wasn’t until 10 years later with the 1928 Equal Franchise act that all women over 21 were permitted to vote in the U.K.

Across the Atlantic, a similar movement was brewing. The 1848 Seneca Falls Convention brought together many advocates who believe that women should have the right to vote. However, a few years later, the American Civil War disrupted the movement.

When the Fifteenth Amendment, which would guarantee Black men the right to vote, was proposed, some suffragists refused to support it, sometimes even appealing to racist white men to gain support for white women’s suffrage. In 1890, the National American Woman Suffrage Association was formed to campaign for women’s right to vote, with Elizabeth Cady Stanton as its first president. They argued that women would create a better world with the right to vote through traditionally female and domestic virtues, a line of reasoning that appealed to many different political agendas.

In 1910, American Alice Paul visited Birmingham, England, and was influenced by the suffragette movement there. When she returned home, she formed the National Women’s Party, which helped import civil disobedience techniques she’d learned while in England to the US. This same year, a few states began to give women the vote, but state-by-state enfranchisement was slow. Finally, after World War I, women were finally given the vote with the Nineteenth Amendment’s ratification in 1920.

How is suffragette used in real life?

Suffragette has gone on to describe women who fought for the right to vote in modern history, such as in Saudi Arabia, where women were enfranchised, though only in municipal elections, for the first time in 2015.

More examples of suffragette:

“The change is slow and the wait long. But for Saudi suffragettes, even a vote in local elections is a step to celebrate.”
—Lyse Doucet, BBC, November 2015

“The daughter places a ‘Thank You’ sign at the gravesite of the suffragette, who endured opposition and abuse throughout her life, but eventually helped all women gain the right to vote.”
—Marian Hetherly, WBFO, May, 2017

Note

This content is not meant to be a formal definition of this term. Rather, it is an informal summary that seeks to provide supplemental information and context important to know or keep in mind about the term’s history, meaning, and usage.

Example sentences from the Web for suffragette

British Dictionary definitions for suffragette

suffragette
/ (ˌsʌfrəˈdʒɛt) /

noun

a female advocate of the extension of the franchise to women, esp a militant one, as in Britain at the beginning of the 20th century

Derived forms of suffragette

suffragettism, noun

Word Origin for suffragette

C20: from suffrag (e) + -ette
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Cultural definitions for suffragette

suffragette
[ (suf-ruh-jet) ]

A suffragist. Today, the term suffragette is often considered demeaning.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.