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Sumerian

[soo-meer-ee-uh n, -mer-]
adjective
  1. of or relating to Sumer, its people, or their language.
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noun
  1. a native or inhabitant of Sumer.
  2. a language of unknown affinities that was the language of the Sumerians and had, in the late 4th and 3rd millenniums b.c., a well-developed literature that is preserved in pictographic and cuneiform writing and represents the world's oldest extant written documents.
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Origin of Sumerian

First recorded in 1870–75; Sumer + -ian
Related formspre-Su·me·ri·an, adjective, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for sumerian

Sumerian

noun
  1. a member of a people who established a civilization in Sumer during the 4th millennium bc
  2. the extinct language of this people, of no known relationship to any other language
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adjective
  1. of or relating to ancient Sumer, its inhabitants, or their language or civilization
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sumerian

Sumerian

adj.

1874, from French Sumérien (1872), from Sumer, name of a district in ancient Babylonia.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper