- being in excess of the usual, proper, or prescribed number; additional; extra.
- associated with a regular body or staff as an assistant or substitute in case of necessity.
- a supernumerary or extra person or thing.
- a supernumerary official or employee.
- a person who appears in a play or film without speaking lines or as part of a crowd; walk-on; extra.
Origin of supernumerary
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for supernumerary
Supernumerary: additional or added cells, veins or other structures.Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology
John. B. Smith
One felt one's self a supernumerary hired to fill the scene.The Education of Henry Adams
A supernumerary, who thought that he must be dead, had asked for his place.The Conspirators
Alexandre Dumas (Pere)
Placed on the books for victuals and wages; also supernumerary and "for rank."The Sailor's Word-Book
William Henry Smyth
It is not extravagant to say that any one fish may be considered a supernumerary.The Poet at the Breakfast Table
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.
- exceeding a regular or proper number; extra
- functioning as a substitute or assistant with regard to a regular body or staff
- a person or thing that exceeds the normal, required, or regular number
- a person who functions as a substitute or assistant
- an actor who has no lines, esp a nonprofessional one
C17: from Late Latin supernumerārius, from Latin super- + numerus number
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for supernumerary
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- Exceeding the normal or usual number; extra.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.