surge

[surj]

noun

verb (used without object), surged, surg·ing.

verb (used with object), surged, surg·ing.

to cause to surge or roll in or as in waves.
Nautical. to slacken (a rope).

Origin of surge

1480–90; perhaps < Latin surgere to spring up, arise, stand up
Related formsun·surg·ing, adjective
Can be confusedserge surge
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


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British Dictionary definitions for surge

surge

noun

a strong rush or sweep; sudden increasea surge of anger
the rolling swell of the sea, esp after the passage of a large wave
a heavy rolling motion or soundthe surge of the trumpets
an undulating rolling surface, as of hills
a billowing cloud or volume
nautical a temporary release or slackening of a rope or cable
a large momentary increase in the voltage or current in an electric circuit
an upward instability or unevenness in the power output of an engine
astronomy a short-lived disturbance, occurring during the eruption of a solar flare

verb

(intr) (of waves, the sea, etc) to rise or roll with a heavy swelling motion
(intr) to move like a heavy sea
nautical to slacken or temporarily release (a rope or cable) from a capstan or (of a rope, etc) to be slackened or released and slip back
(intr) (of an electric current or voltage) to undergo a large momentary increase
(tr) rare to cause to move in or as if in a wave or waves
Derived Formssurgeless, adjectivesurger, noun

Word Origin for surge

C15: from Latin surgere to rise, from sub- up + regere to lead
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for surge
n.

late 15c., "fountain, stream," probably from Middle French sourge-, stem of sourdre "to rise, swell," from Latin surgere "to rise," contraction of surrigere "to rise," from sub "up from below" + regere "to keep straight, guide" (see regal). Meaning "high, rolling swell of water" is from 1520s; figurative sense of "excited rising up" (as of feelings) is from 1510s.

v.

1510s, from surge (n.). Related: Surged; surging.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

surge in Science

surge

[sûrj]

A coastal rise in water level caused by wind.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.