sworn

[ swawrn, swohrn ]
/ swɔrn, swoʊrn /

verb

past participle of swear.

adjective

having taken an oath: a duly elected and sworn official.
bound by or as if by an oath or pledge.
avowed; affirmed: He is my sworn enemy.

Definition for sworn (2 of 2)

swear

[ swair ]
/ swɛər /

verb (used without object), swore or (Archaic) sware; sworn; swear·ing.

verb (used with object), swore or (Archaic) sware; sworn; swear·ing.

Verb Phrases

Origin of swear

before 900; Middle English sweren, Old English swerian; cognate with German schwören, Old Norse sverja; akin to Gothic swaran to swear; see answer
Related formsswear·er, nounswear·ing·ly, adverbre·swear, verb, re·swore, re·sworn, re·swear·ing.un·der·swear·er, noun

Synonym study

4. See curse.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for sworn

British Dictionary definitions for sworn (1 of 2)

sworn

/ (swɔːn) /

verb

the past participle of swear

adjective

bound, pledged, or made inveterate, by or as if by an oatha sworn statement; he was sworn to God

British Dictionary definitions for sworn (2 of 2)

swear

/ (swɛə) /

verb swears, swearing, swore or sworn

noun

a period of swearing
Derived Formsswearer, noun

Word Origin for swear

Old English swerian; related to Old Norse sverja, Gothic swaran, Old Frisian swera, German schwören
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sworn

swear


v.

Old English swerian "take an oath" (class VI strong verb; past tense swor, past participle sworen), from Proto-Germanic *swarjan-, (cf. Old Saxon swerian, Old Norse sverja, Danish sverge, Old Frisian swera, Middle Dutch swaren, Old High German swerien, German schwören, Gothic swaren "to swear"), from PIE root *swer- (1) "to speak, talk, say" (cf. Old Church Slavonic svara "quarrel"). Also related to the second element in answer. The secondary sense of "use bad language" (early 15c.) developed from the notion of "invoke sacred names." Swear-word is American English colloquial from 1883. Swear off "desist as with a vow" is from 1898.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper