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bath1

[bath, bahth]
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noun, plural baths [bath z, bahth z, baths, bahths] /bæðz, bɑðz, bæθs, bɑθs/.
  1. a washing or immersion of something, especially the body, in water, steam, etc., as for cleansing or medical treatment: I take a bath every day. Give the dog a bath.
  2. a quantity of water or other liquid used for this purpose: running a bath.
  3. a container for water or other cleansing liquid, as a bathtub.
  4. a room equipped for bathing; bathroom: The house has two baths.
  5. a building containing rooms or apartments with equipment for bathing; bathhouse.
  6. Often baths. one of the elaborate bathing establishments of the ancients: the baths of Caracalla.
  7. Usually baths. a town or resort visited for medical treatment by bathing or the like; spa.
  8. a preparation, as an acid solution, in which something is immersed.
  9. the container for such a preparation.
  10. a device for controlling the temperature of something by the use of a surrounding medium, as sand, water, oil, etc.
  11. Metallurgy.
    1. the depressed hearth of a steelmaking furnace.
    2. the molten metal being made into steel in a steelmaking furnace.
  12. the state of being covered by a liquid, as perspiration: in a bath of sweat.
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verb (used with or without object), bathed, bath·ing. Chiefly British.
  1. to wash or soak in a bath.
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Idioms
  1. take a bath, Informal. to suffer a large financial loss: Many investors are taking a bath on their bond investments.
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Origin of bath1

before 900; Middle English; Old English bæth; cognate with Old Frisian beth, Old Saxon, Old Norse bath, German Bad; < Germanic *bátha-n what is warmed, akin to Old High German bājan (German bähen), Swedish basa to warm; pre-Germanic *bheH- to warm, past participle *bhH-to-
Related formsbath·less, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for take a bath

Bath

noun
  1. a city in SW England, in Bath and North East Somerset unitary authority, Somerset, on the River Avon: famous for its hot springs; a fashionable spa in the 18th century; Roman remains, notably the baths; university (1966). Pop: 90 144 (2001)Latin name: Aquae Sulis (ˈækwiːˈsuːlɪs)
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bath1

noun plural baths (bɑːðz)
  1. a large container, esp one made of enamelled iron or plastic, used for washing or medically treating the bodyRelated adjective: balneal
  2. the act or an instance of washing in such a container
  3. the amount of liquid contained in a bath
  4. run a bath to turn on the taps to fill a bath with water for bathing oneself
  5. (usually plural) a place that provides baths or a swimming pool for public use
    1. a vessel in which something is immersed to maintain it at a constant temperature, to process it photographically, electrolytically, etc, or to lubricate it
    2. the liquid used in such a vessel
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verb
  1. British to wash in a bath
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Word Origin

Old English bæth; compare Old High German bad, Old Norse bath; related to Swedish basa to clean with warm water, Old High German bāen to warm

bath2

noun
  1. an ancient Hebrew unit of liquid measure equal to about 8.3 Imperial gallons or 10 US gallons
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Word Origin

Hebrew
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for take a bath

bath

n.

Old English bæð "immersing in water, mud, etc.," also "quantity of water, etc., for bathing," from Proto-Germanic *batham (cf. Old Norse bað, Middle Dutch bat, German bad), from PIE root *bhe- "to warm" (cf. Latin fovere "to foment") + Germanic *-thuz suffix indicating "act, process, condition" (cf. birth, death). Original sense was of heating, not immersing in water. The city in Somerset, England (Old English Baðun) was so called from its hot springs. Bath salts attested from 1875 (Dr. Julius Braun, "On the Curative Effects of Baths and Waters").

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

take a bath in Medicine

bath

(băth)
n. pl. baths (băðz, băths)
  1. The act of soaking or cleansing the body or any of its parts, as in water.
  2. The apparatus used in giving a bath.
  3. The fluid used to maintain the metabolic activities of an organism.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Idioms and Phrases with take a bath

take a bath

Experience serious financial loss, as in The company took a bath investing in that new product. This idiom, which originated in gambling, transfers washing oneself in a bathtub to being “cleaned out” financially. [Slang; first half of 1900s]

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bath

see take a bath; throw out the baby with the bath water.

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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.