• synonyms


[tuh-rak-suh-kuh m]
noun Pharmacology.
  1. the dried roots of any of several composite plants of the genus Taraxacum, as the dandelion, T. officinale or T. laevigatum, used in medicine in powdered or fluidextract form chiefly as a tonic and aperient.
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Origin of taraxacum

1700–10; < New Latin < Arabic ṭarakhshaqūn wild chicory < Persian tarkhashqūn wild endive
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for taraxacum

Historical Examples

  • Taraxacum Dens-leonis (common dandelion), Smith's, 1853; only there.

    The Maine Woods

    Henry David Thoreau

  • There are several kinds of Taraxacum, natives of the northern hemisphere and southern South America.

  • The common dandelion, Taraxacum, sometimes offers an illustration of this, and also the daisy (Bellis).

    Vegetable Teratology

    Maxwell T. Masters

  • It feeds on the roots of the dandelion (Taraxacum officinale), and changes to a peculiar spiny chrysalis.

    Butterflies and Moths

    William S. Furneaux

  • Twice these piles consisted of from 50 to 70 seeds of the common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale).

British Dictionary definitions for taraxacum


  1. any perennial plant of the genus Taraxacum, such as the dandelion, having dense heads of small yellow flowers and seeds with a feathery attachment: family Asteraceae (composites)
  2. the dried root of the dandelion, used as a laxative, diuretic, and tonic
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Word Origin

C18: from Medieval Latin, from Arabic tarakhshaqūn wild chicory, perhaps of Persian origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012