• synonyms


[tahr-goo m; Sephardic Hebrew tahr-goom; Ashkenazic Hebrew tahr-goo m]
noun, plural Tar·gums, Hebrew Tar·gu·mim [Sephardic Hebrew tahr-goo-meem; Ashkenazic Hebrew tahr-goo-mim] /Sephardic Hebrew tɑr guˈmim; Ashkenazic Hebrew tɑrˈgu mɪm/.
  1. a translation or paraphrase in Aramaic of a book or division of the Old Testament.
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Origin of Targum

From the Aramaic word targūm literally, paraphrase, interpretation
Related formsTar·gum·ic, adjectiveTar·gum·ist, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for targum


  1. an Aramaic translation, usually in the form of an expanded paraphrase, of various books or sections of the Old Testament
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Derived FormsTargumic (tɑːˈɡuːmɪk) or Targumical, adjectiveTargumist, noun

Word Origin

C16: from Aramaic: interpretation
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012