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taurine

1
[ tawr-ahyn, -in ]
/ ˈtɔr aɪn, -ɪn /
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adjective

of, relating to, or resembling a bull.
pertaining to the zodiacal sign Taurus.

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Origin of taurine

1
From the Latin word taurīnus, dating back to 1605–15. See taur-, -ine1

Definition for taurine (2 of 2)

taurine2
[ tawr-een, -in ]
/ ˈtɔr in, -ɪn /

noun Chemistry.

a neutral crystalline substance, C2H7NO3S, obtained from bile.

Origin of taurine

2
First recorded in 1835–45; taur(ocholic) + -ine2
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for taurine (1 of 2)

taurine1
/ (ˈtɔːraɪn) /

adjective

of, relating to, or resembling a bull

Word Origin for taurine

C17: from Latin taurīnus, from taurus a bull

British Dictionary definitions for taurine (2 of 2)

taurine2
/ (ˈtɔːriːn, -rɪn) /

noun

a derivative of the amino acid, cysteine, obtained from the bile of animals; 2-aminoethanesulphonic acid. Formula: NH 2 CH 2 CH 2 SO 3 H

Word Origin for taurine

C19: from tauro- (as in taurocholic acid, so called because discovered in ox bile) + -ine ²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for taurine

taurine
[ tôrēn′ ]

n.

A colorless crystalline substance formed by the hydrolysis of taurocholic acid and found in the fluids of the muscles and lungs of many animals.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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