a combining form meaning “sulfur,” used in chemical nomenclature in the names of compounds in which part or all of the oxygen atoms have been replaced by sulfur; often used to designate sulfur analogues of oxygen compounds.
Also especially before a vowel, thi-.
Origin of thio-
combining form representing Greek theîon
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for thio-
before a vowel thi-
indicating that a chemical compound contains sulphur, esp denoting that a compound is derived from a specified compound by the replacement of an oxygen atom with a sulphur atomthiol; thiosulphate
Word Origin for thio-
from Greek theion sulphur
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Medicine definitions for thio-
Containing sulfur, used especially of a compound in which oxygen has been replaced by a divalent sulfur:thioacid.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Science definitions for thio-
A prefix that means containing sulfur, used especially of a compound in which an oxygen atom has been replaced by a sulfur atom, as in thiourea.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.