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View synonyms for this

this

[ this ]

pronoun

, plural these [th, eez].
  1. (used to indicate a person, thing, idea, state, event, time, remark, etc., as present, near, just mentioned or pointed out, supposed to be understood, or by way of emphasis):

    This is my coat.

  2. (used to indicate one of two or more persons, things, etc., referring to the one nearer in place, time, or thought; opposed to that ):

    This is Liza and that is Amy.

  3. (used to indicate one of two or more persons, things, etc., implying a contrast or contradistinction; opposed to that ):

    I'd take that instead of this.

  4. what is about to follow:

    Now hear this!

    Watch this!



adjective

, plural these [th, eez].
  1. (used to indicate a person, place, thing, or degree as present, near, just indicated or mentioned, or as well-known or characteristic):

    These people are my friends.

    This problem has worried me for a long time.

  2. (used to indicate the nearer in time, place, or thought of two persons, things, etc.; opposed to that. )
  3. (used to imply mere contradistinction; opposed to that. )
  4. (used in place of an indefinite article for emphasis):

    I was walking down the street when I heard this explosion.

adverb

  1. (used with adjectives and adverbs of quantity or extent) to the extent or degree indicated:

    this far;

    this softly.

this

/ ðɪs /

determiner

    1. used preceding a noun referring to something or someone that is closer: distinct from that

      this dress is cheaper than that one

      look at this picture

    2. ( as pronoun )

      take this

      this is Mary and that is her boyfriend

    1. used preceding a noun that has just been mentioned or is understood

      this plan of yours won't work

    2. ( as pronoun )

      I first saw this on Sunday

    1. used to refer to something about to be said, read, etc

      consider this argument

    2. ( as pronoun )

      listen to this

    1. the present or immediate

      this time you'll know better

    2. ( as pronoun )

      before this, I was mistaken

  1. informal.
    often used in storytelling, an emphatic form of a 1 the 1

    I saw this big brown bear

  2. this and that
    various unspecified and trivial actions, matters, objects, etc
  3. this here not_standard.
    an emphatic form of this this this
  4. with this or at this
    after this; thereupon


adverb

  1. used with adjectives and adverbs to specify a precise degree that is about to be mentioned

    go just this fast and you'll be safe

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Word History and Origins

Origin of this1

First recorded before 900; (pronoun and adjective) Middle English; Old English: nominative and accusative neuter singular of the demonstrative pronoun thes (masculine), thēos (feminine); cognate with German dies, Old Norse thissi; (adverb) Middle English, special use of the Old English instrumental singular thȳs, thīs, accusative singular neuter this, perhaps by association with thus
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Word History and Origins

Origin of this1

Old English thēs, thēos, this (masculine, feminine, neuter singular); related to Old Saxon thit, Old High German diz , Old Norse thessi
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Idioms and Phrases

Idioms
  1. with this, following this; hereupon:

    With this, he threw down his glass and left the table.

More idioms and phrases containing this

  • at this point
  • at this rate
  • at this stage
  • from this day forward
  • in this day and age
  • out of this world
  • shuffle off (this mortal coil)
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Example Sentences

But the two presenting together, as they did here at the 2008 Emmy Awards, is an out-of-this-world combination.

But on the relative plane, Zen is this-worldly and does not deny ethics, or ontology for that matter.

The bogus cry of this-raises-serious-concerns was soon heard throughout the land.

If he thinks that he can get a deal he likes, I'd expect to see a c'mon-guys-we-can-do-this conciliatory exhortation.

True, it can be fun to know that this-or-that athlete is Jewish.

Rodney is thoroughly and comfortably this-worldly; Michael is—other-worldly!

What has made thy heart so sore as to come and cry a-this-ons?

For marriage is like life in this-that it is a field of battle, and not a bed of roses.

Waal, we're ergwine ter nail up thet door ternight an' quit this-hyar place.

"I reckon Newty's got a license ter dwell in this-hyar house," she belligerently asserted.

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Definitions and idiom definitions from Dictionary.com Unabridged, based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

Idioms from The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.

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Thiruvananthapuramthis and that