[ th is ]
/ ðɪs /
pronoun, plural these [th eez] /ðiz/.
(used to indicate a person, thing, idea, state, event, time, remark, etc., as present, near, just mentioned or pointed out, supposed to be understood, or by way of emphasis): This is my coat.
(used to indicate one of two or more persons, things, etc., referring to the one nearer in place, time, or thought; opposed to that): This is Liza and that is Amy.
(used to indicate one of two or more persons, things, etc., implying a contrast or contradistinction; opposed to that): I'd take that instead of this.
what is about to follow: Now hear this! Watch this!
adjective, plural these [th eez] /ðiz/.
(used to indicate a person, place, thing, or degree as present, near, just indicated or mentioned, or as well-known or characteristic): These people are my friends. This problem has worried me for a long time.
(used to indicate the nearer in time, place, or thought of two persons, things, etc.; opposed to that).
(used to imply mere contradistinction; opposed to that).
(used in place of an indefinite article for emphasis): I was walking down the street when I heard this explosion.
(used with adjectives and adverbs of quantity or extent) to the extent or degree indicated: this far; this softly.
with this, following this; hereupon: With this, he threw down his glass and left the table.
Origin of this
before 900; (pronoun and adj.) Middle English; Old English: nominative and accusative neuter singular of the demonstrative pronoun thes (masculine), thēos (feminine); cognate with German dies, Old Norse thissi; (adv.) Middle English, special use of the OE instrumental singular thȳs, thīs, accusative singular neuter this, perhaps by association with thus
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for this
/ (ðɪs) /
determiner (used before a singular noun)
- used preceding a noun referring to something or someone that is closer: distinct from thatthis dress is cheaper than that one; look at this picture
- (as pronoun)this is Mary and that is her boyfriend; take this
- used preceding a noun that has just been mentioned or is understoodthis plan of yours won't work
- (as pronoun)I first saw this on Sunday
- used to refer to something about to be said, read, etcconsider this argument
- (as pronoun)listen to this
- the present or immediatethis time you'll know better
- (as pronoun)before this, I was mistaken
used with adjectives and adverbs to specify a precise degree that is about to be mentionedgo just this fast and you'll be safe
Word Origin for this
Old English thēs, thēos, this (masculine, feminine, neuter singular); related to Old Saxon thit, Old High German diz, Old Norse thessi
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Idioms and Phrases with this
In addition to the idioms beginning with this
- this and that
- this is where I came in
- this side of
- at this point
- at this rate
- at this stage
- from this day forward
- in this day and age
- out of this world
- shuffle off (this mortal coil)
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.