[ this ]
/ ðɪs /
pronoun, plural these [theez]. /ðiz/.
(used to indicate a person, thing, idea, state, event, time, remark, etc., as present, near, just mentioned or pointed out, supposed to be understood, or by way of emphasis): This is my coat.
(used to indicate one of two or more persons, things, etc., referring to the one nearer in place, time, or thought; opposed to that): This is Liza and that is Amy.
(used to indicate one of two or more persons, things, etc., implying a contrast or contradistinction; opposed to that): I'd take that instead of this.
what is about to follow: Now hear this! Watch this!
adjective, plural these [theez]. /ðiz/.
(used to indicate a person, place, thing, or degree as present, near, just indicated or mentioned, or as well-known or characteristic): These people are my friends. This problem has worried me for a long time.
(used to indicate the nearer in time, place, or thought of two persons, things, etc.; opposed to that).
(used to imply mere contradistinction; opposed to that).
(used in place of an indefinite article for emphasis): I was walking down the street when I heard this explosion.
(used with adjectives and adverbs of quantity or extent) to the extent or degree indicated: this far; this softly.
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Idioms for this
with this, following this; hereupon: With this, he threw down his glass and left the table.
Origin of this
before 900; (pronoun and adj.) Middle English; Old English: nominative and accusative neuter singular of the demonstrative pronoun thes (masculine), thēos (feminine); cognate with German dies,Old Norse thissi; (adv.) Middle English, special use of the OE instrumental singular thȳs, thīs, accusative singular neuter this, perhaps by association with thus
Words nearby this
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020
British Dictionary definitions for this
/ (ðɪs) /
determiner (used before a singular noun)
- used preceding a noun referring to something or someone that is closer: distinct from thatthis dress is cheaper than that one; look at this picture
- (as pronoun)this is Mary and that is her boyfriend; take this
- used preceding a noun that has just been mentioned or is understoodthis plan of yours won't work
- (as pronoun)I first saw this on Sunday
- used to refer to something about to be said, read, etcconsider this argument
- (as pronoun)listen to this
- the present or immediatethis time you'll know better
- (as pronoun)before this, I was mistaken
used with adjectives and adverbs to specify a precise degree that is about to be mentionedgo just this fast and you'll be safe
Word Origin for this
Old English thēs, thēos, this (masculine, feminine, neuter singular); related to Old Saxon thit, Old High German diz, Old Norse thessi
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Idioms and Phrases with this
In addition to the idioms beginning with this
- this and that
- this is where I came in
- this side of
- at this point
- at this rate
- at this stage
- from this day forward
- in this day and age
- out of this world
- shuffle off (this mortal coil)
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.