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tramontane

[truh-mon-teyn, tram-uh n-teyn]
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adjective Also transmontane.
  1. being or situated beyond the mountains.
  2. beyond the Alps as viewed from Italy; transalpine.
  3. of, relating to, or coming from the other side of the mountains.
  4. foreign; barbarous.
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noun
  1. a person who lives beyond the mountains: formerly applied by the Italians to the peoples beyond the Alps, and by the latter to the Italians.
  2. a foreigner; outlander; barbarian.
  3. a violent, polar wind from the northwest that blows in southern France.
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Origin of tramontane

1300–50 for an earlier sense; 1585–95 for def 5; Middle English tramountayne pole star < Italian tramontano < Latin trānsmontānus beyond the mountains. See trans-, mount2, -an

tramontana

[trah-muh n-tah-nuh, -tan-uh; Italian trah-mawn-tah-nah]
noun, plural tra·mon·ta·nas, Italian tra·mon·ta·ne [trah-mawn-tah-ne] /ˌtrɑ mɔnˈtɑ nɛ/.
  1. a cold wind from the north or northeast that blows in the western Mediterranean.
  2. any north wind issuing from a mountainous region.
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Origin of tramontana

1605–15; < Italian, noun use of feminine of tramontano tramontane
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for tramontane

tramontane

adjective Also: transmontane
  1. being or coming from the far side of the mountains, esp from the other side of the Alps as seen from Italy
  2. foreign or barbarous
  3. (of a wind) blowing down from the mountains
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noun
  1. an inhabitant of a tramontane country
  2. Also called: tramontana a cold dry wind blowing south or southwest from the mountains in Italy and the W Mediterranean
  3. rare a foreigner or barbarian
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Word Origin

C16: from Italian tramontano, from Latin trānsmontānus, from trans- + montānus, from mōns mountain
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012