transform fault


noun Geology.

a strike-slip fault that offsets a mid-ocean ridge in opposing directions on either side of an axis of seafloor spreading.

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Origin of transform fault

First recorded in 1970–75
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Scientific definitions for transform fault

transform fault
[ trănsfôrm′ ]

A type of strike-slip fault that accommodates the relative horizontal slip between other tectonic elements, such as tectonic plates, and is common along the edges of plates in mid-ocean ridge regions. The lateral displacement along transform faults often ends or changes form abruptly. See Note at fault.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.